Medicinal plants

Fennel

The fennel

Fennel, called Foeniculum vulgare) is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Apiaceae family. Since ancient times it was known for its aromatic properties in fact, according to studies, it seems that its cultivation dates back to 1500. Wild fennel is a perennial and spontaneous plant that is characterized by a branched stem, it can reach an equal height to two meters. Its green leaves are reminiscent of hay and small yellow flowers develop from them. The fruits of the fennel plants are the achenes, these are first green in color and then become yellowish. The fennel that is grown, on the other hand, is an annual or biennial plant with taproot roots and reaches a height of 60 – 80 centimeters. Of the wild fennel, the sprouts, leaves,

Cultivation


The ideal climate for the growth of these plants is a temperate climate, although fennel easily adapts to even a more rigid climate. The most suitable soil for fennel plants is a medium-textured soil with a good presence of organic substances important for the development of the plant. As for watering, these plants should be watered frequently and it is advisable to dilute the calcium-based fertilizer in the water used for irrigation. The fertilizer should not be diluted every time we water the plant but often. Remember to always keep the soil clean if we want our plant to grow in the best way. The sowing of the plant varies according to the growing area, for example, in southern Italy it should be sown in January – February in order to have the first harvest between June and July. In areas with a slightly colder climate, sowing must be carried out a few months before in order to have the harvest in the late summer period. Before sowing it is necessary to dig a hole deep enough and administer fertilizer with microelements (80 grams per square meter).

Property

Fennel is a plant used in phytotherapy thanks to the properties it contains. Among the most important properties of fennel we find those useful for hormonal regulation due to the presence of phytoestrogens. It is also used to reduce intestinal discomfort such as bloating, fermentation and bloating. The principles of fennel perform beneficial actions regarding the improvement of liver function, cough and airway inflammation. They also have an antispastic action and its properties are useful for decreasing painful spasms caused by colon syndrome. The fruits of fennel are important for phytotherapy, they contain essential oils such as anethole (sweet) and fenicone (bitter). It is thanks to the presence of these oils that fennel is effective against intestinal problems, flatulence and colitis. The oils contained in these fruits also have a certain effectiveness in increasing the secretion of saliva. Fennel also contains an anticancer substance such as isoflavones and antioxidant substances such as anethone. Often and willingly, fennel is recommended to increase milk in new mothers and to soothe the pain resulting from colic for newborns.

Fennel: Uses

Fennel is a plant used in herbal medicine but also in cooking. As for its use in cooking, from sweet fennel, the bulb is used. This can also be used raw to prepare salads or boiled, it can also be grated and combined with other condiments for the preparation of salads. Wild fennel can also be used in cooking. Of the wild one, both dried and fresh flowers, leaves, fruits and seeds are taken. Each part of the plant has a very specific use, for example, the leaves are used to season sea snails, or if chopped they are added to soups or fish dishes. The flowers and seeds, on the other hand, are used as spices or aromas. The extracts of the seeds are used in the form of hydroalcoholic extract, or as drops or as a dry extract. In phytotherapy, fennel is used in the form of herbal tea or decoction. Fennel tea is used as a digestive, for stomach swellings or to heal intestinal pains in children. The decoctions, on the other hand, are prepared for external use, for example they are used to treat conjunctivitis. The herbal tea should be prepared by infusing a tablespoon of fennel seeds in 200ml of boiling water for 10 minutes. The decoction, on the other hand, is prepared by boiling two teaspoons of ground seeds in 100 ml of water. Some products (drops and herbal teas) can be found ready-made and packaged in shops such as herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies. for stomach swellings or to heal intestinal pains in children. The decoctions, on the other hand, are prepared for external use, for example they are used to treat conjunctivitis. The herbal tea should be prepared by infusing a tablespoon of fennel seeds in 200ml of boiling water for 10 minutes. The decoction, on the other hand, is prepared by boiling two teaspoons of ground seeds in 100 ml of water. Some products (drops and herbal teas) can be found ready-made and packaged in shops such as herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies. for stomach swellings or to heal intestinal pains in children. The decoctions, on the other hand, are prepared for external use, for example they are used to treat conjunctivitis. The herbal tea should be prepared by infusing a tablespoon of fennel seeds in 200ml of boiling water for 10 minutes. The decoction, on the other hand, is prepared by boiling two teaspoons of ground seeds in 100 ml of water. Some products (drops and herbal teas) can be found ready-made and packaged in shops such as herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies. The decoction, on the other hand, is prepared by boiling two teaspoons of ground seeds in 100 ml of water. Some products (drops and herbal teas) can be found ready and packaged in shops such as herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies. The decoction, on the other hand, is prepared by boiling two teaspoons of ground seeds in 100 ml of water. Some products (drops and herbal teas) can be found ready and packaged in shops such as herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies.

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