Medicinal plants

Sage

Sage

Belonging to the Lamiaceae family, the sage genus includes both annual and perennial species used for different purposes: some for ornamental purposes, others for therapeutic purposes and still others for food. The most used and known species for aromatic purposes is Salvia officinalis or common sage, this is a perennial species that originated in areas of Europe with a mild climate. Its name derives from the Latin language, in particular from “salvus” which stands for “sound, safe” and “salus” which means “health”. These words indicate the ability of this plant to be used for healing purposes. The stems of these plants are highly branched and grow in quadrangular sections. They are initially green in color and then, with maturity, become woody. Their oval and lanceolate leaves have serrated edges and are gray-green in color and, moreover, they have a velvety upper side and a rougher, ribbed underside. The flowers are of the hermaphrodite type (ie they contain both the female and the male reproductive organ) and pollination occurs through insects. The blooms on have starting from the spring period and, the flowers, gather in the final part of the stem and are violet in color.

Property


Sage is a well known aromatic plant used for various reasons. Its active ingredients are contained within the leaves that are collected during the spring and summer. The leaves, for conservation, should be placed in small glass jars kept in places sheltered from light. The flowers of this plant are also preserved, these should be placed in shady places to dry them and then placed in paper or canvas bags. The properties contained within Salvia are curly essential oils of alpha and beta thujone, alpha and beta pinene, cineole, bornyl acetate, linalite acetate, fumaric acid, oleanolic acid, chlorogenic acid, ursolino acid, camphor, salvina, enzymes, vitamin B1 and C. Sage plants have been known since ancient times for the beneficial properties they contain, the Gauls believed this plant to be able to cure all diseases. Some of them claimed that its properties could resurrect the dead, in fact, it was used for the preparation of magical rites. The Chinese, on the other hand, claimed that sage was able to give longevity. The Romans considered sage a sacred plant, in fact, during the harvest, they practiced real rites and wore special clothes for that occasion. Already in the Middle Ages, sage was used in folk medicine as a healing agent on wounds and sores that healed with more difficulty. Some of them claimed that its properties could resurrect the dead, in fact, it was used for the preparation of magical rites. The Chinese, on the other hand, claimed that sage was able to give longevity. The Romans considered sage a sacred plant, in fact, during the harvest, they practiced real rites and wore special clothes for that occasion. Already in the Middle Ages, sage was used in folk medicine as a healing agent on wounds and sores that healed with more difficulty. Some of them claimed that its properties could resurrect the dead, in fact, it was used for the preparation of magical rites. The Chinese, on the other hand, claimed that sage was able to give longevity. The Romans considered sage a sacred plant, in fact, during the harvest, they practiced real rites and wore special clothes for that occasion. Already in the Middle Ages, sage was used in folk medicine as a healing agent on wounds and sores that healed with more difficulty. they practiced real rituals and wore special clothes for that occasion. Already in the Middle Ages, sage was used in folk medicine as a healing agent on wounds and sores that healed with more difficulty. they practiced real rituals and wore special clothes for that occasion. Already in the Middle Ages, sage was used in folk medicine as a healing agent on wounds and sores that healed with more difficulty.

Use in therapy and medicine

The therapeutic properties particularly known in this plant are the anti-inflammatory, digestive, balsamic and expectorant ones. Sage is an excellent cure for menstrual pain and ailments caused by menopause. It is also useful for fighting edema, water retention, rheumatism, migraines, abscesses and in particular gingivitis. Sage is also an excellent remedy for those who suffer from diabetes, it is a gastroprotector because it manages to reduce blood sugar levels. It also helps speed up the wound healing processes in people with diabetes. As for its medical properties, sage is an excellent stimulant for the organism, it helps fight the phases of depression and stress. It guarantees well-being to the brain and helps memory, it is very suitable for those who suffer both physical and mental exhaustion. Some researchers and doctors found its consumption useful against insomnia. Furthermore, this plant is recognized as having an estrogenic action which acts effectively against excessive sweating. Also excellent for digestion and, if stored with care, it is able to “save” food from deterioration.

Other uses

Among the many uses of these plants there is also the use in the kitchen and in cosmetics. The leaves are used in the kitchen and can be cooked both fresh and dried. Their use is used to flavor foods in particular such as first courses or second courses such as meat or fish or even for savory pies. It is also possible to prepare a very tasty drink to be recommended especially to convalescent people who need to recover strength. For the preparation of the drink you need 100 grams of dried leaves and flowers to be macerated in a liter of wine and everything should be drunk in a glass after meals. Sage is also used in some room fragrances, it is able to remove cooking and animal odors. As for cosmetics, many of the toothpastes are based on sage. With these toothpastes you get a whitening effect and, in case you don’t have it, just rub a fresh sage leaf on your teeth to get the same effect. An infusion of sage gives the hair its dark color, while a prepared lotion is very useful for cleansing the skin.

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