Plants

Mulberry

How much to water the mulberry

Mulberry is a plant that has almost disappeared completely and its so good fruit is no longer considered. There are only a few specimens left in the gardens or vegetable gardens of some amateurs. Mulberry is thought to have its origins in China and then spread to America, Africa and the Mediterranean. The two species of black and white mulberry are almost the same, except for the color of the fruits which can be dark and red or white and light yellow. Mulberry is a very long-lived and productive fruit plant that also resists drought. However, for the first years of life it is necessary to water systematically starting in the spring every ten days, while in the summer the interventions will be more frequent. When the mulberry becomes an adult it is good to irrigate only in the summer season to ensure the necessary water for its fruits.

How to grow mulberry


To plant the mulberry seedlings you have to wait until the end of winter or the beginning of spring. Its development requires a distance between them of five meters for the white mulberry and seven meters for the black one. The cultivation of this plant is usually not done with the seed, although it is the right way to inherit numerous genetic characteristics. In any case, the mulberry is very slow in growth, as it begins its production at about ten years. Instead, by planting nursery seedlings you will be able to see the first fruits from the third year of life. Reproduction and its propagation can also take place by layering, grafting or cutting of roots or branches. While as regards the pruning the mulberry has no particular problems, even if you have to make the cuts from winter to spring, better if in February and March. In fact, the foliage is thinned to optimize yield.

Fertilize the mulberry


After all, the mulberry is a rustic plant that also bears a soil with few nutrients, therefore arid and poor, but a better condition would increase its productivity. In fact, neutral soils that are not compact and rich in organic substances can work well. Growing this plant also means making fertilizer that can contribute to a final benefit. Then the fertilizer is applied in the winter using manure or mature organic fertilizer. The compound will be placed evenly on the root area and within five meters around it, placing it on the ground that must be previously hoed. The harvesting of the fruits, on the other hand, usually takes place towards the end of summer and to be sure of harvesting ripe mulberries, the fruit must detach easily and have an intense color.

Mulberry: Exposure and possible diseases


Both the white mulberry and the black mulberry must be placed in the sun and in such a way that they are well spaced from each other. If the plant is kept in the garden it will become shelter and shade in the summer, as well as being ornamental. Since the ripe fruits of the mulberry could stain when falling to the ground it is better to keep the plant away from avenues or sidewalks, and it is always good to control weeds with regular weeding. Among the most used methods for harvesting mulberries is the peeling and pruning which are carried out with special machinery. The pruning is represented by the cutting of the branches with the fruits; the other instead removes all the fruits and leaves. The mulberry plant, despite being rustic, is equally subject to various parasites, such as cochineal, fersa, and aphids that prefer tender shoots.

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