Plants

Naga jolokia

Anyone who likes spicy will love this article. We are going to talk about the hottest chilli in the world. It is the Naga jolokia. It is known by its common name as a ghost chili pepper and refers to the pain that it literally produces when eating it. It is grown primarily in the Nassam State and is also known by other names such as Bhoot Jolokia, Bih Jolokia, Ghost Chili, and Ghost Pepper.

If you are passionate about hot chili peppers, we are going to talk about the characteristics, cultivation and properties of Naga jolokia.

Main features

This name has not been randomized. If we look up the terminology, we can see that jolokia means plant and bih means poison. As booh comes from the size of the plant, it can be summed up in that the term bhoot jolokia means poisonous plant. That is, its level of spiciness becomes so strong that it is poisonous. Already many people end up very stung with the itch suffered by the Cuaresmeño pepper. Imagine what the itchiness of the Naga jolokia must be like.

And it is no wonder that this pepper is registered in the Guinness Book of Records until 2010 as the hottest in the world. On the spicy scale, it has 1,040,020 SHU. The heat scale is measured in Scoville Heat Units. It was created in 1912.

All peppers belong to the Capsicum genus because they have a component inside them called capsaicin. This substance is what stimulates the receptor that we have in the skin that lets us know how hot or cold it is in the environment. When we eat a piece of Naga jolokia, these receptors are activated making us believe that we are receiving something hot, when it really is not. In the SHU scale you can know the amount of capsaicin that the pepper has. The more you have of this substance, the more it will sting.

The effect that this substance produces in the body causes that as soon as it comes into contact with the skin, it causes the eyes to close and breathing begins to become difficult. Lots of people have experimented with the “ghost chilli challenge” and ended up really bad. And, depending on the amount you eat, it will affect you more or less. Just one piece of the pepper can cause you an hour of pain, tremors and a burning sensation inside you. All of this translates to a stomach ache and a feeling of being ill.

Here is a video of an amateur eating Naga jolokia:

Traditional uses of the Naga jolokia

This pepper is associated with numerous rural agricultural activities in the region. It’s not just for doing stupid challenges and hurting yourself while trying to eat a single pepper. It is used to make numerous food formulas that include that flavor. It can be used in the creation of flavoring curry, as it has a high fragrance and quality heat. You have to know how to use it to take advantage of all its positive aspects. Added to the right ingredient and in the right concentration, ghost chili can be a delight.

Although it seems contrary to what may be believed, this pepper is also used for numerous medicinal treatments. It is used to treat headaches, night blindness, arthritis, gastritis, rheumatism, other digestive diseases, and to reduce chronic congestion. This is not eating a piece of pepper and we will be cured of all these pathologies. It means that part of its components are used in the preparation of medicines necessary for the treatment of these problems.

On the other hand, some studies on the Naga jolokia have helped enormously to take advantage of it in other aspects such as:

  • Being able to cure food without the need for it to be refrigerated. This lowers healing costs and increases profitability.
  • Asthma can be treated if consumed in a very low quantity, as it helps to dilate the blood vessels.
  • With it you can create ointments to treat some muscle pain.
  • Serves to relieve toothache.
  • If small amounts are mixed with a little lemon juice, it can help increase sweating and help flush toxins from the body. In addition, it helps the body eliminate heat.
  • Another use is as a stimulating aphrodisiac.

Medical and scientific uses

Some peoples living near forests use pepper powder or the smoke it releases when burned to keep elephants away from crops. Naga jolokia has been cultivated in the villages of Assam (in India) for more than 7,000 years.

Regarding medical purposes, it has applications in the treatment of obesity, anticancer therapies and as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent. Capsaicin is made up of secondary metabolists that plants have. It is the main cause of all chili peppers sting. Depending on its concentration, the chili will be more or less hot.

The fact that there is more or less capsaicin in a plant is determined by genetic, environmental and crop management factors. This substance is used mainly as an additive in many foods and with the pharmaceutical applications that we have seen. One of the most interesting aspects of the latest studies is that capsaicin serves as an anticancer agent. This is the proof that everything is the correct dose, it cannot be bad. It is the dose that makes the poison.

There is also numerous evidences from epidemiological and experimental studies that the phytochemicals in chili are dietary and are also found in other fruits, vegetables, whole grains, spices and teas. These phytochemicals serve for the treatment of inhibition in the initiation, promotion, progression and metastasis of cancer. This is because capsaicin is a derivative of homovanillic acid and alters the expression of some genes that are involved in the survival of cancer cells in our body.

I hope that all this information helps you learn more about the Naga jolokia and that you do not go crazy trying to eat it on your own.

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