Nandina domestica

The plants of Nandina domestica

Originating from the Asian continent, the Nandina domestica plant is more commonly known as Nandina or Sacred Bamboo. The only species of this genus, it belongs to the Berberidaceae family and is characterized by the particular color of the leaves. The stem recalls the vertical and erect forms of bamboo, the foliage is elliptical in shape, of a glossy green color. With the arrival of the autumn season it takes on elegant reddish tones. This species is cultivated for ornamental purposes and is used to decorate gardens and outdoor environments. The plants of Nandina domestica produce in spring, inflorescences gathered in panicles, subsequently, the red berries appear. Slow-growing evergreen shrubs, Nandina domestica specimens can reach two meters in height under optimal conditions.

Cultivation of Nandina domestica

Nandina domestica garden plants do not require excessive cultivation attention. They prefer well-drained and fertile soil, they tolerate harsh temperatures even below zero but must be protected from cold currents. They live in both sunny and partial shade areas, irrigation must be periodic during the spring and summer seasons, while it must be reduced in winter. Avoid water stagnation which can damage and cause the root system of Nandina domestica specimens to deteriorate, due to mold or rot. To better support growth, it is advisable to administer an organic fertilizer to be diluted in watering, in autumn and spring. Pruning is not necessary but it is sufficient to eliminate damaged or dry branches over time.

Propagation of Nandina domestica plants

The multiplication of Nandina domestica plants does not occur easily through sowing. The most suitable method for the reproduction of these specimens is with cutting. The tops of the branches can be cut in late spring or at the end of the summer season. An oblique cut must be made and most of the leaves must be removed, leaving a few at the end of the cutting. Before planting the tops obtained, in containers filled with peaty soil, it is advisable to treat the cuts with rooting powder, to avoid mold and rot. The soil must be kept constantly humid and the tops must be stored in a not too bright place, at temperatures not below twenty degrees. Engraving is successful when the cuttings begin to emit new leaf buds.

Variety of Nandina domestica plant genus

There are several hybrid varieties and cultivars of Nandina domestica plants. Very widespread and used for ornamental purposes are the evergreen shrubs, called Nandina domestica Fire Power. They are characterized by the bright red color that the foliage takes on, with the arrival of the autumn season. The hybrid selection of Nandina domestica Gulf Stream has orange colored leaves that vary in shades of scarlet red in winter. Upright habit and abundant production of red berries for the cultivar called Nandina domestica Richmond, the flower buds are pink. Low and slow growing for the garden plant variety of Nandina domestica Pygmaea, the compact foliage changes color with the course of the seasons, from glossy deep green to orange and red.

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