Plants

Pansy

The irrigation of violets

The pansy, if grown in the garden, needs constant watering during periods of drought, especially in summer; if, on the contrary, the rains are frequent, it is recommended to limit irrigation to avoid stagnant water. The latter are bitter enemies of the plant, as they cause root rot and fungal diseases. The administration of water resources, therefore, must be practiced on the basis of the season and the trend of rainfall. If, on the other hand, the cultivation takes place in pots and in a closed environment, watering must be carried out more regularly: it is important, however, to let the soil dry between one operation and another. It is advisable to use water poor in limestone, possibly rain or demineralised water.

Cultivation


This plant can multiply both by sowing and by cutting; it is suggested to carry out a first planting in a container containing soil mixed with peat and a little sand, and then to carry out the transplant in a larger pot or directly in the garden. The indicated soil is fertile, well drained and soft, although in general this species easily adapts to numerous types of soil. In the garden, before planting, weeds should be uprooted; the latter could hinder the growth of the plant and determine unfavorable conditions for its development. Pruning should never be massive, but it is essential to simply remove dried leaves and flowers using clean, disinfected and sharp shears to avoid infections.

Fertilization


As for fertilization, it is advisable to provide the plant with a slow-release granular fertilizer, between the end of spring and the beginning of summer; however, it can be very useful to integrate a liquid fertilizer, specific for flowering plants, to be administered together with the irrigation water approximately every month. The important thing is to guarantee the plant the elements it needs for optimal development, namely potassium and phosphorus; nitrogen is also fundamental, but it must be present to a lesser extent in the fertilizer used, as if it is overabundant it could cause an excessive growth of the vegetative parts to the detriment of flowering. Potassium is needed to support protein synthesis and ATP production,

Pansy: Exposure, Pests, and Diseases


The pansy prefers a sunny exposure, sheltered from intense winds; it can also develop in partial shade, but in this case the flowering will be less luxuriant. Among the parasites, the plant is particularly afraid of aphids and scale insects, both extremely annoying: the former ruin the foliage and buds, suck the sap and frequently represent a vehicle for numerous viruses, the latter cause yellowing and the fall of the leaves of the affected specimen. As remedies we suggest nettle macerate to fight aphids and white mineral oil to eradicate scale insects, in both cases natural solutions. Excessive humidity can also cause fungal diseases, rot and mold, which require special fungicidal products.

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