Papyrus plant

The Papyrus aquatic plant

Commonly known as Papyrus, Cyperus papirus is an evergreen plant belonging to the Cyperaceae family which includes hundreds of different species and varieties. Plants originating from Africa and widespread throughout the Mediterranean basin, they are marsh plants that grow spontaneously in humid and temperate areas. They have rhizomatous roots and are devoid of ramifications, in fact, they are composed of single, erect, long and thin stems. At the apex of each are the so-called umbrella bracts, arched and lanceolate, characterizing the entire aspect of the aquatic plant Papyrus, cultivated for ornamental purposes. During the summer season, in the months of July and September, it produces light yellow spiked inflorescences at the ends of the stems.

Papyrus plant cultivation

The Papyrus, an evergreen Mediterranean plant, can be grown both in the ground and in pots. It prefers temperate climates but also resists the cold which, however, causes the drying of the aerial part which will return to germinate with the arrival of spring. They are aquatic plants that constantly need humidity, do not fear water stagnation and can be grown near lakes and ponds, without great difficulty. They grow in both sunny and partial shade areas, a soil mixed with sand helps the development of the impressive root system. Papyrus specimens do not tolerate drought periods and adequate atmospheric humidity guarantees luxuriant growth. From spring to autumn, it is advisable to periodically administer organic fertilizer.

Propagation of the aquatic plant Papyrus

To obtain new papyrus plants quickly and easily, the method is that of dividing the rhizomes. The intervention can be carried out from April to August. The portions obtained must be planted directly in single containers, semi-submerged in water, composed of soil and sand. Another technique for propagating the evergreen herbaceous plant Papyrus is through cuttings. It is necessary to cut a stem and shorten the size by a third, keeping the end included. The bracts must be reduced to three, four centimeters in length, the cutting obtained must be placed upside down, on the side of the tuft of leaves, and immersed in water. The temperature must not go below twenty degrees. After some time,

The different species and varieties of papyrus plants

Among the most widespread species used for ornamental purposes is the Cyperus alternifolius plant. It produces stems up to one and a half meters long and easily adapts to garden cultivation in temperate and sheltered areas. One of its genetically selected varieties is Cyperus alternifolius Variegatus, white streaks characterize both the stems and the bracts. The species called Cyperus papyrus, represents the common papyrus cultivated since ancient times by the Egyptians. The stems can grow up to two or three meters in height and the bracts are umbrella-shaped, with globose inflorescences and arched elements, thirty centimeters long. Cyperus longus is a rustic and perennial plant, robust and resistant, it has dark green foliage and produces feathery inflorescences in reddish tones.

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