Perennial bellflower

The perennial bellflower: sowing, transplanting, multiplication

Fill a bowl or individual pots with perennial bellflower seeds, scattering the seeds mixed with sand: this will allow you to distribute them evenly. Cover with a light layer of sifted soil, wet with the watering can with fine holes or by immersion. When a couple of leaves sprout per plant, replenish them in jars of 7-8 centimeters and then, in spring or autumn, plant them. In this way you will get a large number of perennial bellflower seedlings which, however, will begin to bloom abundantly only two or three years after sowing. Campanula plantsperennial they can also multiply by herbaceous cuttings. The ideal seasons for multiplication and cutting are the intermediate ones, namely spring and autumn.

The perennial bellflower: soil and watering

The perennial bellflower is a very rustic plant and grows well in any soil, as long as it is always kept moist. When preparing the pots, a medium drainage should be arranged on the bottom, so that the soil can retain more water. The perennial bellflowerit should be watered every day and abundantly if the pots are in a sunny position, every two days if in a shady position. To stimulate the growth of flower buds, it is necessary to add complete liquid fertilizer every 15 days, alternating it with special pesticide products, administered as a preventive measure. The perennial bellflower is a perfect plant for growing in pots but also for flower beds, borders, walls. It is a plant that tends to colonize the earth or the pot where it is planted.

The perennial bellflower: flowering

The perennial bellflower is a plant that quickly forms very dense tufts with abundant blooms in spring, summer or autumn, depending on the climatic conditions in which the plant grows. Most bluebells bloom from May to September. The color is blue-purplish. If brownish-orange pustules form on the leaves, it means that the plants have been affected by rust, a cryptogamic disease. First of all, the infected parts of the vegetation must be eliminated, so copper-based fungicides must be administered, repeating the treatment every two weeks. If, on the other hand, the leaves and young shoots are found gnawed, it was the snails, which are very greedy. Also in this case the affected parts must be eliminated immediately with special insecticides.

Perennial bellflower: The perennial bellflower: the species

The perennial campanula genus is very vast and includes about 300 species including the carpathian campanula, erbitosa, 25-30 centimeters high with blue or lilac flowers. Then there is the campanula fragilis, creeping or drooping, with lilac-blue flowers. The Gargano campanula, bushy, with starry, light blue flowers. There is still the bellflower rapunculus, known as rapunzel, cultivated, especially for its fleshy and edible roots. In too hot and muggy lowland climates it is better to cultivate it at the foot of trees or hedges, where it can spend a summer in cool and windy conditions. Of the 300 and more species of spontaneous perennial bellflower of the Italian flora, a good part lives in the Alps. The cultivation of the perennial bluebell in Europe in the gardens of large villas began in the 18th century.

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