Red rose flowers

Red rose flowers: general characteristics

The rose is a plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. A very large number of varieties belongs to this genus, approximately one hundred and fifty, which includes both natural and hybrid species. Roses are native to Europe and Asia and are currently widespread throughout the temperate climate zone of the northern hemisphere. These plants have been known and used since ancient times not only as an ornamental element, but also as a medicinal plant. The rose is a shrub that can be sarmentose or erect and that has a variable number (up to 11) of green leaflets covered with fluff and serrated. The stem is covered with thorns and the flowers are gathered in corymb inflorescences. There are several varieties of red rose flowers for ornamental purposes,

Red rose flowers: cultivation techniques

Good news for all lovers of this plant is that red rose flowers are quite simple to grow. It is advisable to buy the plants directly from a nursery and to prepare them properly before planting. The planting must be done with the plants at rest generally in the month of October or January. The first thing to do is to prepare the soil, which must be properly fertilized and will consist of one part of peat for every three parts of manure. At this point, after having allowed the roots to rest and having removed the damaged parts, being careful not to cause injuries, you can proceed with the planting. At this point the roses must be placed 5 cm deep together with the graft point. Once this is done, it is good practice to water them abundantly.

Red rose flowers: pruning and care

But what attention and care does the plant need to develop beautiful red rose flowers? One of the first precautions to be taken is to never wet the red rose flowers for any reason, in this way you can avoid the onset of some fungi that develop in particular humidity conditions. The plants should be watered in the evening in the hottest season and in the morning in spring. Fertilization must be performed approximately every two years using a layer of manure mixed with granular fertilizer: the compound must be placed to cover the base of the stem of the red rose flowers. Finally, pruning is of great importance in the development of the plant. Pruning should be done with the plant at rest by producing cuts just above the bud.

Red rose flowers: diseases and pests

Although red rose flowers and rose flowers in general are fairly simple to grow, they are subject to frequent attack by fungi, pests and other pathogens. Fungal diseases are certainly the most widespread and the most dangerous for red rose flowers as they can lead to their death very quickly. Fungi appear mainly in particular conditions of humidity and stagnation, among the most common ones we remember: the rot of the collar, the powdery mildew, the downy mildew and the scab. As for the harmful insects that attack the plant, the most dangerous are certainly the sucking insects, which feed on the flower, quickly causing the plant to rot. Among these pathogens we remember the larvae, the cochineal, the aphids, the lice, the mites and the lepidoptera.

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