Plants

Royal fern (Osmunda regalis)

Ferns are plants that have always attracted a lot of attention. Although their leaves are of a very common color in nature, their bearing and elegance make them plant beings of great ornamental interest. One of them is the royal fern.

Although it can reach a height of up to 160 centimeters, as it does not have invasive roots, it is a very good option to grow both in pots and in a shady corner of the garden.

Origin and characteristics

Image – Flickr/ Ettore Balocchi

The royal fern, whose scientific name is Osmunda regalis, is a deciduous plant native to Europe, Africa, Asia, and America that grows in swamps. It produces sterile fronds (leaves) and other fertile ones separately: the first ones measure 60 to 160cm by 30-40cm wide, they are bipinnate composed of 7-9 pairs of pinnae; the fertile ones are erect, 20 to 50cm tall.

Its growth rate is quite fast. Unfortunately, in the Old Continent it is almost threatened by loss of habitat as a result of drainage of wetlands for agriculture.

There are four varieties:

  • Regalis: grows in Europe, Africa and Southwest Asia.
  • Panigrahiana: grows in India. It does not resist frost.
  • Brasiliensis: grows in the tropical regions of Central America. It does not resist frost.
  • Spectabilis – grows in eastern North America.

What are their cares?

Image – Wikimedia/ Kristian Peters – Fabelfroh

If you want to have a real fern specimen, we recommend that you provide it with the following care:

  • Location: it must be outside, in semi-shade. It is important that it does not shine in direct sunlight, otherwise it will burn easily.
  • Land:
    • Pot: universal growing substrate.
    • Garden: grows in fertile, moist soils.
  • Irrigation: very frequent. During the warm season we must ensure that the soil does not lose moisture, and in winter we will water 2 or maximum 3 times a week.
  • Subscriber: in spring and summer with organic fertilizers, once a month.
  • Multiplication: by spores in spring.
  • Rusticity: depending on the variety, it can resist cold and frost down to -4ºC or, on the contrary, be very cold.

What did you think of the royal fern?

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba