Solanum plant

Solanum plant origins and characteristics

The solanum plant is widespread in various areas of the world, practically on all continents. It does not have a precise origin because it has always existed in nature throughout the globe. There are thousands of different species, many of which produce well-known fruits, such as eggplant, pepper or tomato, which are normally considered vegetables. In our country, solanum exists as a shrub that produces inedible dark berries because they contain toxic substances. But the best-selling genera are those that produce only flowers: all solanums produce small inflorescences that can have a star shape or a round shape. They are usually yellow in color, but pink or violet varieties also exist. In almost all varieties, round fruits appear after flowering which, however,

Solanum plant variety

Among the most cultivated varieties of the solanum plantthere is a small shrub called capsicastrum: its main feature is the production of round orange berries, which are very reminiscent of small tomatoes but which are toxic to humans. Flowering begins in spring and also lasts in summer and gives off pretty white flowers; the berries, on the other hand, sprout at the end of flowering and last for the whole cold season, making this plant decorative even in the period during which the other ornamental plants are not at all. These shrubs generally do not exceed 40 centimeters in height, although there are some dwarf varieties: they can be grown in the ground or in pots, they adapt well to any conditions and grow both in the sun and in the shade. Today there are many different hybrids, which have streaked or double flowers.

Plant solanum the flowering species

Among the varieties of the solanum plantappreciated for their production of flowers, we find two species in particular, the jasminoides and the rantonnetii. The first is a climber that in some ways resembles jasmine, in fact it produces small white flowers that grow in bunches in the summer. The rantonnetii, on the other hand, produces purple flowers. These are evergreen plants that grow dense and luxuriant, their foliage is shiny and the flowers last a long time, so they are perfect for decorating gardens and terraces, or even pergolas in the case of the climber. Normally they adapt to any type of soil, even if they prefer soft ones rich in organic substance; to obtain a beautiful flowering it is necessary to water the solanum regularly, but only when the soil is dry.

Solanum plant care and maintenance

The solanum plant needs fertilizers and fertilizers that must be administered at the end of winter, so that the shrub receives the right amount of nutrients until the time of spring flowering. All varieties of solanum, however, fear the cold and frost: if you live in an area with a very cold winter it is advisable to cultivate this plant in pot, so in October it can be moved to a place sheltered from cold currents. If, despite the care, the plant should be damaged by frosts, at the end of winter just remove the branches that have been damaged and the shrub will soon be as vigorous as before. Some species, such as jasminoides, can reach up to three meters in height over the years: in the case of this climbing solanum, to help it grow, it is advisable to provide it with supports or, if it is grown on a balcony,

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba