Plants

Spathiphyllum

How and how much to water the spatifillo

The ease of cultivation of Spathiphyllum, combined with the elegant beauty of leaves and flowers, make it one of the most common indoor plants. The Spathiphyllum is usually kept indoors, also because it cannot stand low temperatures. This implies the need for regular watering throughout the year, respecting the nature of the plant which comes from warm – humid areas. It is advisable to allow the soil to dry slightly, between one watering and the other, especially during the rest periods of the plant, but the Spathiphyllum must not suffer from thirst. In general, it needs to be watered roughly every 2-3 days. An excellent beauty treatment for Spathiphyllum is to periodically immerse the vase in a bucket of water, leaving it for a few minutes, and then let it drain without putting it in a saucer. Like all plants, although it loves water, it does not tolerate stagnation. On the other hand, it is very fond of irrigating the leaves with non-calcareous water.

How to grow and care for the plant


Easy plant, provided that some simple needs are respected, the Spathiphyllum is the right choice for those who want to start approaching the world of plants. Spathiphyllum grows well in a soil compound consisting of peat, sand and bark, so that it is slightly acidic. Every year it can be poured into a slightly larger pot until, having reached the size of about twenty centimeters, it will be limited to changing the first centimeters of surface soil. The Spathiphyllum lets the stems of the leaves emerge directly from the base, enlarging in the vase. The most practical way to multiply the Spathiphyllum is to divide the tufts in spring. It is sufficient to remove the plant from the pot and, gently, separate it into several parts, burying each in a separate pot. Thanks also to the temperate climate it enjoys in the apartment, the Spathiphyllus blooms almost continuously, more profusely in summer and more sporadically in the rest of the year. The flowers last a long time and when they start to turn green they must be removed to strengthen the plant. Pruning is not necessary: ​​it is sufficient to remove dry leaves and faded flowers.

How and when to fertilize


Since in the apartment the Spathiphyllum enjoys a favorable climate and the plant produces flowers more or less in all seasons, it is also advisable that it receives fertilizer regularly. The plant must be fertilized twice a month, suspending the administration only in the winter months. The fertilizer indicated is that for flowering plants, which contains a good amount of potassium, but also nitrogen and phosphorus. Potassium is the element that must not be lacking in flowering plants. Micro elements such as iron, manganese, copper, boron and molybdenum are also essential for the health of the Spathiphyllus plant. It is advisable to reduce the dose of fertilizer, compared to the manufacturers’ indications, but not the frequency of administration. Furthermore, it is useful to know that if the place hosting the Spathiphyllum is rather cool,

Spathiphyllum: Exposure and possible diseases


To choose the best exposure for the Spathiphyllus it is useful to remember its origins: temperate climates, rather humid, not very windy. The plant loves the light, but not the direct sun; it prefers a humid substrate, but does not want water stagnation; it grows well at mild temperatures and suffers from cold and drafts. By respecting these preferences, it is possible to avoid most of the diseases that could afflict the Spathiphyllus. Withered leaves are the consequence of a lack of water; immersing the pot in a bucket and leaving it there for a few minutes can help the plant recover. The white cochineal and the red spider mite are two parasites that can settle on the foliage of the Spathiphyllum. Both, especially if discovered when the infestation is in its infancy, can be fought with natural remedies, such as removal with a cotton swab dipped in water and mild soap. The plant must then be rinsed. If you are unable to eradicate them, you can resort to specific products. Same solution for aphids, other small and annoying enemies of the Spathiphyllum.

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