Plants

Stephanotis

Stephanotis irrigation

Stephanotis is a plant that loves a high humidity environment. During the period of activity of the plant, from March to September, irrigation must be frequent, on a weekly basis, so as to never dry out the soil. We must be very careful not to overflow with watering, since, if the soil does not have good drainage, there is a risk of the formation of water stagnation which can cause damage to the root system by asphyxiation. To keep the soil moist for long periods, the mulching technique can be used, which consists in applying leaves or other plant residues to the soil. During the driest season, in the evening hours, water must be sprayed directly on the foliar apparatus. Stephanotis is very sensitive to limestone, in fact, a continuous use of calcareous water could cause damage to the leaves and make them ugly. During the winter period, when the plant is in a state of vegetative rest, watering must be drastically reduced.

How to grow Stephanotis


The Stephanotis, being a plant of tropical origin, loves environments with a warm and humid climate. It is a climbing type plant, so we must place supports in order to allow it to grow correctly. It can be easily bred outside in regions where winters are not particularly harsh, in fact, its ideal minimum temperature must not drop below 10 ° C. It tolerates heat very well, but it is a plant that should not be exposed to direct sunlight. In the apartment its cultivation is simple and fast growth, especially if you can create an environment with high humidity. The soil to be used must be not very compact and with good drainage. As the growth of Stephanotis is fast, repotting must be done once a year. Its multiplication can be done by cutting and performed during the hot periods, when the temperature is at least 20 ° C. The flowering of this plant lasts all summer, usually from May until the end of August.

Fertilization of the Stephanotis


The fertilization of the Stephanotis must be carried out during the period of activity of the plant, from spring to summer. The fertilizer must be applied once a month during the spring and twice a month in the summer. The fertilizer must be administered liquid, especially during the dry season in order to avoid dehydration phenomena. The fertilizer must be diluted with irrigation water in a ratio of fertilizer to water of 1: 3. The best fertilizer that can be used for the correct growth of Stephanotis must be well balanced and must contain, in addition to macro-elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, also metallic microelements, such as iron, magnesium and copper. During the period of inactivity of the plant, from October to February, the fertilization must be suspended.

Diseases and possible remedies


Stephanotis is a fairly disease-resistant plant. One of the major causes of stress for the plant, which can induce the formation of some pathologies, is environmental variability. If the foliar apparatus shows a uniform yellow color, it means that the plant has undergone a strong temperature change or that it has received excessive irrigation. It is possible to remedy by restoring the environmental conditions to those optimal for the plant. If some groups of leaves turn yellow with the presence of small black dots it means that the plant is infested with red mites. These organisms can lead to the death of plant tissues very quickly, so it is necessary to intervene immediately through the use of acaricides. If on the leaves we notice the presence of very small yellow or white bodies, it means that Stephanotis was attacked by aphids. These insects can be eliminated through the use of insecticides.

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