Strawberry tree

How much to water the strawberry tree

The cultivation of the strawberry tree is quite simple, whether planted in the garden or in a pot. It needs draining soil that is fresh and rich in organic material. It adapts quite well to both colder and milder climates, especially the Mediterranean climate. During the summer it needs abundant irrigation, making sure that there is no stagnation in the soil due to excessive quantities of water. For this reason, the ideal is to let the earth dry between one watering and the next, watering which must preferably be done by sliding. Following this method, irrigations usually take place every 15-20 days. In the case of young plants, however, they can also be more frequent. Potted plants, on the other hand, require regular watering every 3 or 4 days,

Cultivation and care

The cultivation of the strawberry tree is simple: it is a very resistant plant, which can grow up to 1000 meters in height. It adapts easily to different types of soil although the ideal one is rich in sand and highly draining. The planting takes place in spring, in a deep hole on the bottom of which gravel has been placed to prevent water stagnation. The collar must protrude from the ground while the roots must be well tucked in so that air pockets do not form. Once the plant has been placed in the ground, it can be watered and mulched to maintain soil moisture. The strawberry tree does not require special pruning, also because there are flowers and fruits throughout the year. The collection of the latter takes place in autumn and, given that they ferment quickly,

When to fertilize the strawberry tree

The first fertilization of the soil takes place during planting. Horse or bovine manure can be used mixed with the soil that directly covers the roots, or you can opt for a chemical fertilizer. In this case, each plant must be given 40 or 50 grams of technical urea mixed with potassium sulphate and mineral superphosphate. Generally, however, in the case of the young strawberry tree it is more important to treat the mulch than to fertilize. This is because the mulch layer serves to retain moisture in the soil and promote the rooting of the roots. After the first fertilization, the others take place after 1 or 2 years, always in November or December: in these cases, about 3 kg of well-ripened cow manure is sprinkled for every square meter of land,

Strawberry tree: Diseases and remedies

The strawberry tree plant is very resistant but not immune to attack by parasites, fungi and insects. In particular, there may be cases of collar rot, due to Phytophthota cactorum, a fungus that attacks the tissues at the base of plants, making them unable to convey nutrients. This disease can be countered both with fungicides and by applying «good practices», such as the immediate elimination of the wet plant, the constant control of drainage and the use of new soil. Another common disease in this plant is the so-called strawberry tree septoria. It is a disease that affects the leaves, and which manifests itself with reddish spots at the edges and gray in the center. It is a serious disease that affects the plant in its entirety, spreading over the entire crown and causing the drying of the leaves, which are no longer able to perform their photosynthesis action. Septoria is fought with chemical fungicides, removal of diseased foliage and pruning.

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