Weigelia florida

Weigelia is a plant that originates in the tropical areas of Asia. However, over the years it has become a frequent guest of gardens and green spaces in Italy too, thanks to the charm of its thick foliage and colorful flowers. It is a plant that, if grown effectively, can have a considerable development and its growth must therefore be kept under control by pruning and topping. Weigelia is a shrubby plant belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family: there are twelve species, among which the most widespread in our area is Weigelia florida, due to its ability to adapt to the local climate. Recognizing a Weigelia is easy, thanks to its deciduous leaves adorned with large tubular flowers of varying color, in shades of pink. Particularly fascinating is the Wiegelia florida folii puerperis, characterized not only by large purple flowers, but also by purple leaves. The base of the plant is composed of several stems collected by tillering and its development can reach 3 meters in height: hence the importance of a correct pruning, with the topping of young branches to contain the development, as well as a location that provide the plant with adequate space.

Cultivation of Weigelia

Given its size, Weigelia is a plant that must be grown in open spaces and provides an element of great decoration within the garden, especially if it is given ample space to grow and develop. The location must prefer bright places, even with direct exposure to the sun’s rays for many hours. Instead, it fears the shadow, even if its need for light does not translate into a preference for dry soils: on the contrary, it is a plant that fears drought and in the hottest periods it must be abundantly watered. One of the main qualities of the Weigelia, however, is its resistance even in areas that are not optimal for it: so it is able to withstand even the European winters and to develop in any type of soil, as long as it is draining and enriched, in the periods of awakening of the plant, with adequate fertilization. Pruning is an equally important operation, which must be done every year to allow the new branches to develop and have all the necessary nourishment, without the presence of now dry and unproductive branches. Watering will be more abundant and frequent in summer, when the risk of drought is greater: this is especially true for younger plants, which are characterized by a more rapid development.

Diseases and parasites

The resistance of the Weigelia also manifests itself against diseases and main threats, although it is not completely immune to fungal and parasitic attacks. Aphids and fungi can create problems for the plant and if their presence is detected, it is necessary to intervene in a timely manner, eliminating the affected branches if possible. This operation turns out to be decisive, however, only in the case in which the plant has been recently affected and the proliferation of the infesting organism is at an initial stage: otherwise it will be necessary to provide specific treatments to be carried out on the plant based on the type. of parasite that has affected the branches. Greater attention must be paid in autumn and early spring: these, in fact, are the periods in which parasitic attacks are found most frequently. In particular, a cool and rainy climate will be the ideal condition for the development of these organisms, therefore it is good to keep the plant under particular control at these times of the year, to prevent parasites from spreading, damaging the plant and making their particularly difficult. elimination.


The multiplication of the weigeliait does not happen in the same way for all the existing cultivars: while the typical species propagate simply by sowing, for the hybrid ones and the variants the multiplication must take place by cuttings. In this case, we will opt for cutting the branches at a distance of 6 – 10 cm from the basal jet of the lateral branches, taking care to avoid the flowering period of the plant. The most suitable time, during the year, is between June and July, when the plant is in full vitality. However, the cuttings obtained in this way must not be immediately planted in the ground: first they must be placed, waiting for the roots to develop, in a mixture of sand and peat in equal percentages, until the root part is sufficiently developed to guarantee the growth and survival of the plant once planted in the ground. The sowing must instead take place in the periods between February and March and between October and November, in order to have the first flowering already the following summer. The development of the plant, in fact, is characterized by being rapid from the first periods of the plant’s life, if the climatic conditions and periodic care are suitable and favorable.

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