White camellia

General information about the white camellia

Belonging to the Teacheae family, the white camellia of the japonica genus is a small shrub, almost always particularly rustic, native to the Asian continent, in particular to China and Japan. This white camellia is able to reach the remarkable height of 15 meters, having a particularly long life cycle, up to many years. It has dark and bright green leaves, with a characteristic jagged and elongated shape, which are arranged in a precise manner, so as to outline a decidedly orderly foliage. Clearly white in color, the flowers can be single, double or semi-double and develop in the period between February and May: the main enemy of flowering is represented by frosts.

The ease with which it is possible to cultivate the white camellia of the japonica genus essentially lies in its almost absolute rusticity, which allows it to survive even at the lowest temperatures. In fact, the camellia is able to withstand a minimum temperature around -15 ° C, especially if the plant is grown directly on the ground. In the event that it is grown in pots, it is sufficient to cover the plant with a plastic sheet, to defend it from the frosts that would end up damaging the roots, buds and leaves. The white camellia avoids places that are very illuminated, preferring instead the condition of partial shade, typical of the undergrowth in which it grows wild. In order to allow for normal growth, it is therefore strongly recommended to store it in a cool and dry place.

Soil type and white camellia fertilization

The fundamental characteristic of the soil in which the white camellia will be grown is certainly the slight acidity, therefore ideal substrates are those of volcanic origin or coming from the undergrowth. In the event that you decide to cultivate directly on the ground, but the soil is excessively basic and clayey, you will have to proceed with the excavation of large holes to be filled with the suitable substrate and to be isolated using large concrete pots. Furthermore, it is important to ensure excellent drainage to the plant, in order to avoid the formation of water stagnations, which would otherwise damage the white camellia. A few years after planting, you can proceed with fertilization, using an acidophilic fertilizer close to flowering and every 15 days, diluting it in irrigation water.

White Camellia: Method of watering and pruning white camellia

The white camellia of the japponica genus needs a soil that is kept constantly humid, but not excessively, as water stagnation would end up rotting the roots of the plant. During the winter season it will be necessary to water the white camellia at least once a week, while during the summer it will be necessary to proceed daily. To keep the humidity parameters of the plant constant, you can also think of nebulizing the leaves, proceeding in the morning or in the evening, especially during the summer season. It will be necessary to suspend this practice at the time of foliation or flowering. Usually the white camellia does not require pruning, but from the very first years it is still possible to carry out the branch topping operation.

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