Winter hydrangea (Bergenia crassifolia)

It belongs to the Sassifragacee family which includes more than 500 species of flowering plants. It is named after the famous German botanist Karl August Von Bergen. It is a very versatile ornamental plant that does not require special care.


The Bergenia crassifolia is a perennial species of large and broad leaves, leathery, green, their jagged edges may be corrugated or serrated leaves also show striking veins in which the green is enhanced, to assume a kind of darkening in its tonality. During the winter period they assume a reddish color, this being a small plant that reaches an average size of 40 cm and a width of about 45 cm.

In full bloom, the hydrangea has small buds similar to small bells, they are collected in panicles and during the flowering period space is made between the leaves; At the end of winter and from the center of the clusters, some thin stems begin, which bloom with various colors that go from white to purple and that turn darker over time. Its flowering occurs in the spring period.

Parasites and diseases

Among the parasites that threaten the plant, there is the red weevil, a dangerous insect that can kill Bergenia, so it must be eliminated quickly. There is also the oziorrinco, which feeds on the leaves of the plant and the fearsome snails. Another danger is stagnation of water or excessive humidity, which puts the plant at risk of acquiring mold and fungi.

Unlike other plants, its reproduction by means of cuttings is not recommended, because its stems are too fleshy and it is difficult for the plant to emit roots.

The Bergenia crassifolia is an easy plant to plant, relative to the sun does not require more care. Consequently, you can expose it more or less to the elements according to your requirements, because it resists even the most inclement winters. Now and if you prefer to place it in a very sunny area in summer time, we recommend that it be in a place with a little shade, to avoid that its leaves can burn with high temperatures.

Planting and care

This species adapts very well to different types of soil, to the point that it can easily develop in any soil. However, it is recommended that you choose one that is moist enough, well drained, and has an alkaline pH. If in your house you do not have a soil with these characteristics, or you prefer to plant it in a pot, you can do it in generic soil and you will only have to add sand and peat.

In general, Bergenia crassifolia like most of its species must be in very moist soil. Therefore, to prevent the soil from drying out, it requires abundant watering during spring and summer, on the contrary it must remain very humid.

During these periods of the year, depending on the state of the land, at least one weekly watering should be done. But always taking care that moisture stagnation does not occur, in order to prevent the roots of this plant from rotting and exposing the plant to possible parasites and diseases.

During the colder months, the plant requires little watering, you can even suspend it, but without neglecting the state of hydration of the soil, especially in those periods of drought. Now and if it is planted in your garden, irrigation may not be necessary, because the rains are generally sufficient for the necessary absorption.

Although it is a very resistant plant to climatic variations, soil types and does not require special care, if you want a better and more beautiful flowering, you can use fertilizers. Regarding pruning, the hydrangea does not require pruning, its care is reduced to eliminating the dried flowers and leaves, cutting from the base with special clean scissors.


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