Winter outdoor plants

How to choose outdoor winter plants

Contrary to what is usually thought, having a flower garden in winter is not an impossible task. In fact, not all plants need the warm and temperate climates of spring to vegetate and many of these not only continue to bloom even in the coldest months, but even prefer winter as a period of greatest flowering. Depending on the size of our green corner we can therefore opt for arboreal plants with woody stems that reach considerable heights, medium-height shrub plants, whose ramifications start from the base or smaller herbaceous plants, whose height can vary from a few centimeters. a few meters. Whether they are evergreen or flowering plants, it will always be essential to understand in which area of ​​the garden it is preferable to plant them and which type of soil is most congenial to them. Once these considerations have been made, we can finally indulge ourselves in choosing the plants that best meet our personal aesthetic taste. Let’s see a brief selection.

Arboreal and shrubby outdoor winter plants

Holly is undoubtedly one of the winter plants suitable for burial in the garden that do not fear cold and frost. Evergreen that grows spontaneously throughout Italy, holly is a medium-sized plant, known above all as a well-wishing plant during the Christmas holidays, has leaves with a thorny edge and, in the female specimens, positioned close to other males, has globose drupes of bright red color. It grows without difficulty both in sunny and shady areas, has no particular soil requirements and withstands temperatures reaching -15 ° C. Extremely characteristic although not well known, white forsythia is also one of the outdoor plants suitable for cold climates. It is a small shrub which, in the period between January and February, it produces a considerable quantity of white and very fragrant flowers with a characteristic star shape. It prefers sunny or partial shade areas, adapts well to any type of soil, as long as it is well drained, and easily resists the harsh cold and winter frosts.

Herbaceous outdoor winter plants

Cyclamen is certainly suitable not only to embellish balconies and terraces, but also to fill gray winter gardens. Small ornamental plant, one of the most widespread and appreciated, it stands out for its goblet-shaped flowers which, with different intensities and variegations, are presented in shades of white, red and purple. Plant that grows well in shady or semi-shady areas, the cyclamen blooms from early autumn to the end of winter. In case of persistent frosts it is advisable to protect it with a synthetic sheet. Equally popular as an outdoor plant is hellebore. Commonly known as Christmas rose, hellebore is a plant native to central Europe that experiences its greatest flowering period in the winter months. In fact, in this period of time the plant emits five-petaled flowers, whose shades vary from white to purple and which resemble in appearance the flowers of botanical roses. It is preferable to plant it in semi-shaded or totally shaded areas and being particularly sensitive to water stagnation it is good to provide it with a moist but well-drained soil.

Cold-resistant succulents

To give our winter green corner a more exotic touch, we can use succulents. Although they are types of plants that love heat and drought, if chosen in the right variety, they can withstand cold and freezing temperatures. Among these, the sedum plant is certainly very widespread. Easy to grow and also suitable for beginners to gardening, sedum generally produces star-shaped flowers that can grow both solitary and gathered in corymb or cluster inflorescences. It is a plant that prefers a rich soil, composed of universal soil and clay or perlite, which does not require winter watering and which, in some varieties, can withstand temperatures reaching -15 ° C. Similar to sedum and equally suitable for creative winter garden compositions is graptopetalum paraguayense. Succulent herbaceous plant native to Mexico, it has persistent and fleshy leaves arranged in a rosette and star-shaped flowers, usually white with red and pink variegations. It is a very fast growing plant that with dry soils can resist down to -7 ° C.

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