Yucca elephantipes

How to irrigate the

The Yucca elephantipes, during the summer season, needs frequent watering; the operation must be carried out consistently, especially if there are long periods of aridity. It is recommended to proceed before sunrise or after sunset, and to periodically carry out foliar nebulizations. The latter, however, must never be practiced more than twice a week: if excessive, in fact, in the hottest phases of the year they can cause burns to the foliage. In winter it is suggested to limit irrigation, or to suspend it altogether if rainfall is particularly abundant; the plant, in fact, would be affected by stagnation of water, and would undergo rotting of the root system and a progressive and global weakening.

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The Yucca elephantipes, appreciated in particular for its decorative foliage, multiplies by sowing or by dividing the suckers; alternatively, it is possible to find young specimens to be bred in the nurseries. The implant must be carried out in a medium-sized container; after twelve months, the plant must be transplanted into a larger container, so as not to hinder the growth of the roots, or directly into the ground. The ideal soil is rich in organic matter, light, soft and well drained. This plant, moreover, is very sensitive to cold: consequently, in the winter period it is advisable to protect it from excessive frost through the use of sheets. For this purpose it is convenient to mulch the soil annually, to achieve greater protection.

Fertilizing the plant

The fertilization of Yucca elephantipes must be carried out from the beginning of spring until the end of summer; it is advisable to administer liquid fertilizer approximately every fifteen days, together with the water used for irrigation. The product must be selected on the basis of the chemical composition of the soil: it is necessary that there is never a lack of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus, the essential macroelements for an optimal development of the cultivated specimen. Otherwise, in fact, a slower growth than normal would occur, as well as a probable leaf chlorosis. In autumn and winter the fertilization must be interrupted, so as not to give the plant nutrients during the vegetative rest. If possible,

Yucca elephantipes: Exposure, pests and diseases

Yucca elephantipes prefers bright exposures sheltered from intense winds and excessive cold; temperatures below -10 ° C are not tolerated. Another danger is represented by the infestations of parasites such as aphids and red spider mites, bitter enemies of ornamental plants. Both tend to affect leaves and shoots: the former cause widespread perforations as they suck the sap, the latter determine the formation of necrotic areas on the attacked areas. An excellent natural remedy is nettle macerate, very simple to prepare and highly effective. Root and foliage rot and powdery mildew are also quite frequent fungal diseases, most often caused by overabundant humidity and treatable with special sulfur or copper-based fungicides.

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