Apple tree

How to water the plant

The apple tree needs fairly regular watering, the frequency of which also depends on the rainfall trend; it is in fact essential to avoid water stagnation, which often cause rot, and to wet the plant when the soil has been dry for a few days. Watering must also be carried out according to the age of the tree, since the younger specimens need a greater amount of water than the older ones. The drop method is completely recommended, thanks to which it is possible to supply the plant with the necessary water resources, without waste or excesses; thanks to the drippers, the soil surface or directly the root area is wetted continuously or intermittently. Creep irrigation is also practiced, but it involves steep terrain.

Advice on cultivation

For this fruit tree we recommend a well-drained soil poor in limestone, even if generally the plant adapts to many types of soil; it could be convenient, however, to carry out a mulching operation, preferably with straw, to hinder the development of weeds. It is an excellent habit to work the soil before planting the roots, in order to make it softer and more aerated. The planting must take place in a hole about one meter wide, on the bottom of which a layer of organic fertilizer must be placed, for example the cornunghia; it is also suggested to install a stake to support the tree in its growth. Pruning should be carried out with disinfected tools and only to eliminate dry branches or, possibly, diseased parts.

How to fertilize

The first fertilization must be performed when the tree is planted, and must be mainly based on organic substances such as cornunghia or manure; afterwards it is necessary to fertilize every year. If the operation takes place in spring, it is advisable to give the plant a high quantity of nitrogen, an element that favors the growth of new tissues and which, precisely for this reason, should be limited during the autumn season: if this were not the case, in fact, during the winter the tree would be weakened by an excess of vegetative parts. The other two essential macro-elements, potassium and phosphorus, must be constantly present in the fertilizers used; the first improves the organoleptic qualities of the fruits, the second favors the strengthening of the roots and foliage.

Apple tree: Exposure, diseases and pests

The exposure of the apple tree must take place in a sunny environment, but sheltered from intense winds: the tree bears low temperatures, but too strong gusts cause serious damage. As annoying diseases, powdery mildew and canker of the branches, both caused by fungi, should be noted; the first is easily recognized by the whitish mold that spreads on the leaves and requires fungicides, the second manifests itself with drying and cracking and requires specific chemical treatments. Among the parasites we must mention the red spider, which determines the fall of the foliage and the birth of necrotic areas and can be countered with natural solutions, for example pesticides containing garlic. Equally harmful is the yellow woodworm, often fought with entomopathogenic nematodes.

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