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Azzeruolo

Irrigation of the azerole

The azerole does not need special watering, in the limit it can be treated like the apple tree, but using a reduced amount of water. In fact, the main feature of the azerole is the fact of being rustic and living well without many problems in any condition. However, an important intervention to be made to this type of plant is the topping, to be carried out in summer or autumn. It is usually applied on branches with buds to favor the formation of other fruit buds. The harvest is carried out at different times as the fruits ripen unevenly. Or it can be done only once as is used for apples; in fact the harvested fruits are stored in crates with a straw bottom. The latter are then kept inside a low temperature room.

Cultivation of the azerole


The azerole is planted towards the end of July preferably using the nursery varieties, although it is possible to continue burying until November. In fact, it is only necessary to avoid the coldest period with sudden frost to carry out the transplant. Usually, the azerole during its vegetative cycle tolerates temperatures even below zero and prefers a fertile soil without stagnation of water. To reproduce this plant you can make the grafting for example in a triangle in order to inherit the qualities in the original plant. This technique must be performed in March, while the reproduction with seed is an infrequent way as the start of production also requires 15 years of waiting. However it is good to work the soil immediately and cut the grass if it exists.

Fertilization of the azerole


The fertilization of the azerole also in this case resembles the fertilization of the apple tree. It will therefore be sufficient to dig holes and bury the sides of the organic fertilizer. However, it is good to intervene with a contribution of potassium and phosphorus as well as carrying out some pruning in relation to the shape and type of the plant. Indeed, it is recommended to shorten old branches. The azarole has small green leaves, while the flowers are hermaphroditic, i.e. on the same plant there are male and female flowers that bloom in spring. The fruits are nothing more than small apples that can take on different colors, from yellow to red; inside there are some seeds. The taste of these apples is decidedly sour, but still very pleasant,

Azzeruolo: Exposure, diseases, parasites


The azerole fears a bacterial disease that affects its fruits and therefore must be treated properly. As for the parasites, the plant suffers the attack of aphids that are arranged on the flowers and on the shoots. There are also other dangerous insects for the plant such as the Sesia del melo or the Odd Bombyx. While among the most frequent diseases we can list rust, powdery mildew and scab. Despite all these adversities, the plant is very resistant and can be grown even without the use of pesticides. The azaruolo, however, can become part of the home garden for various reasons, since it is appreciated not only as a fruit tree, but also as an ornamental element. In fact it is bushy and reaches 8 meters in height,

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