Black cherry

How much to water

The black cherry plant, like all cherry trees, is easy to grow and is sometimes also cultivated as an ornamental plant, due to its very decorative flowers. It is a plant that is very afraid of the presence of water stagnation, a potential cause of root rot and diseases, therefore it is necessary to satisfy its water needs, but at the same time it must be planted in well-draining and not excessively compact soils. Irrigation is especially important in the hottest periods of the year and in those of prolonged drought, which are well tolerated by the plant but which can limit productivity. Areas strongly subject to showers are not recommended, as they represent a danger for the plant, especially after flowering. Furthermore, water

Care to be provided

The black cherry plant, given its rusticity, does not require great care. It prefers climatic conditions very similar to those suitable for the cherry tree, therefore it requires many hours of exposure to the sun’s rays, but it also adapts in dim light (this condition can of course limit its flowering or fruit ripening); furthermore, the cultivation area should be well sheltered from winds, which can easily detach the flowers from the branches. It tolerates almost all types of soil, even if excessively compact ones (which could hinder root growth), not well drained ones and calcareous ones are to be avoided. Furthermore, although it survives very well in warm temperatures, it does not tolerate low temperatures as well, so it is necessary that it is not cultivated above 1000 meters of altitude.

How to fertilize

For an optimal production of flowers and fruits, it is recommended to fertilize the plant with mature bovine or equine manure, or with humus especially rich in nitrogen, an indispensable element for maturation. The fertilizer to be used must be slow release, in order to provide adequate protection to the plant against winter frosts and favor spring flowering; fertilization interventions, to be carried out once a year for adult plants, must be carried out in the autumn period. For newly planted plants, fertilization is essential: it is in fact necessary to fertilize the soil several times during the year, using a mature manure that improves the drainage of the soil and, at regular intervals, a mineral fertilizer that provides the right amount of manganese,

Black cherry: Diseases and pests

This plant, being very suitable for living in the wild, is very resistant to the attack of external pathogens. However, in the event that it has suffered damage during the winter, it appears to be more subject to the attack of aphids and scale insects; these insects, able to feed on the vital lymph that circulates in the rapidly growing vegetative organs, lead to the death of the leaves and, in the most serious cases, to the death of the plant itself. They can be eliminated either manually or with the use of Marseille soap-based pesticides (very suitable especially for cochineals). A serious disease that can attack the black cherry plant is monilia, a fungal disease that mainly attacks the fruit. The main remedy for this disease are antifungals that are readily available on the market.

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