Blackberry plant

Main characteristics of blackberry plants

Blackberry plants are perennial and highly infesting. They grow spontaneously on uncultivated land, on the edges of roads or in peripheral areas left to themselves. It is possible to plant them in your garden to collect the fruits but to prevent them from spreading excessively it is necessary to carry out periodic drastic pruning.These thorny bushes have small and serrated leaves that are covered with a light silver down on the underside. The new branches are characterized by an upright habit while the older ones tend to fold in on themselves. The flowers are small and begin to open from mid-March onwards. The blackberries first appear as small red infructescences which, when fully ripe, take on a dark purple color tending to black.

The best known varieties

The most used varieties are those without thorns because they allow you to pick the fruit without hurting your hands. The suckers are characterized by a semi erect habit and were imported into our country directly from the United States. The canning industry in fact uses almost exclusively blackberries derived from thornfree and blacksatin. They have very large and juicy fruits but the pulp is less sugary and less aromatic than that of wild blackberries. The Loch Ness Scottish variety is the most marketed for fresh consumption. The bright black fruit is particularly sweet and fragrant. The harvest takes place between the end of July and the beginning of August and are those that are generally found in the trays of the fruit and vegetable stands.

Useful tips for growing

The blackberry plant does not need particularly nutrient-rich soils. It takes root everywhere and, being a weed, in a short time it can expand, occupying all the available space. To make new seedlings, simply cut off a sturdy branch and bury it for three or four centimeters. You can do this at any time of the year with a good chance of success. At the well-stocked nurseries you will have the opportunity to choose hybrid varieties resistant to pest attacks and with much larger and juicier fruits than those of the wild bramble. Be sure to place the brambles in a well-sunny area for most of the day. Only in this way will you be able to obtain prosperous harvests. Source:

Blackberry plant: The parasites of brambles

Blackberry plants can be protected from various types of parasites if they are planted on land previously disinfected with slaked lime. Otherwise they will be affected by numerous parasitic attacks such as the highly deleterious ones of soil fungi. They occur in conditions of excessive humidity and if the soil hosting the plant is not sufficiently drained. They attack the roots and if a phytosanitary remedy is not used, they cause the plants to die.Another frequent disease is downy mildew. It affects the new shoots as well as the leaves and the cause is to be found in the high temperature associated with frequent rains. It is possible to prevent it by spraying the bush with Bordeaux mixture and strictly respecting the transience times indicated on the package before tasting the fruits.

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