Blackberry tree

What a blackberry tree looks like

The blackberry tree is a large shrub that can reach twelve meters in height and is characterized by medium-sized deciduous leaves. Its leaves were used as food for silkworms and that is why, despite being native to Asia, it spread quickly and easily in Europe and North America. Its rounded crown has the characteristic of being particularly disordered and composed of dark green, pointed and corded leaves mixed with trefoil or five-lobed leaves. it has an erect stem but it is not rare to find specimens developed on several trunks, covered by a greyish bark. Its flowers bloom in late spring and can be both hermaphroditic and divided into males and females. Following flowering, juicy berries grow white or purple in color.

What makes the blackberry tree particularly popular is its vast fruit production. The flavor of its berries is particularly sweet and their pulp is characterized by a certain juiciness. Their use is vast, they can be brought to the table as simple fruits or used to produce preserves and jams particularly suitable for flavoring sweets or pies. This option is the one that is preferred in the commercial field because the softness of the fruits is such as to make them transportable as soon as harvested. To be used as garden plants, with a simply ornamental value, are mainly male specimens. The absence of fruits allows, in fact, to prevent the pavement from being damaged.

Blackberry tree growth and care

For a blackberry tree to grow to the best of its ability, it is advisable that it be grafted on a soil that is particularly loose and well drained, preferably rich in organic matter. In reality, the blackberry tree can also grow on clayey and heavy soils but, planting it on excellent and well fertilized soils, favors the growth of specimens in excellent health and particularly fruit-bearing. Its ideal location is well exposed to the sun although semi-shade is equally acceptable. It has excellent resistance to frost and pollution, a characteristic that makes them suitable for road trees. When a specimen has recently been planted it should be watered occasionally during the summer months. Adult specimens tolerate drought.

Blackberry tree: Multiplication and disease of the blackberry tree

In order for the blackberry tree to multiply, it is generally necessary to wait for spring, if one intends to practice a multiplication through the use of seeds. In case you decide to opt for a propagation through cuttings, this operation can be done, instead, in late summer. The multiplication of this tree, however, is generally aided by the intervention of the birds which, being greedy of its berries, often, to feed on it, disperse the seeds, favoring the growth of small specimens all around the larger specimen. the blackberry tree is not particularly prone to pests and diseases. One of its great enemies is the South American caterpillar, particularly fond of its leaves to the point of rapidly decimating the population of these trees.

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