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Blueberry cultivation

The blueberries.

Blueberry plants are shrubs about 60 centimeters high, typical of the undergrowth, of the mountain belt and generally of humus-rich soils. The various species can be divided into three large groups related to the color of the fruits: red, black or blue. Both the fruits and the leaves have many beneficial, antioxidant, curative, even hypoglycemic properties. They can be consumed as decoctions, herbal teas, while the fruits can be eaten as soon as they are picked or as jams, sweets and all that the imagination suggests. To make the most of the beneficial effects of blueberry it is good to consume it as an infusion, decoction, extract or mother tincture. If you consume the leaves, it is good to strictly follow the measures as they can be toxic as they contain hydroquinone, a phenol that gives irritating and allergenic effects.

The cultivation of the American blueberry.


The American blueberry, also known as cranberry, is typical of North America and is widespread in forests and swampy areas. It has been used for urinary tract irritation since Native American times, and cranberry supplements are now prescribed for infections or irritations. The American blueberry is useful for avoiding relapses in case of cystitis. Growing the blueberry involves an increase in its size: if the wild berries have a diameter of about 0.5 centimeters, the diameter of the cultivated species reaches 1 or 2 centimeters. The American blueberry harvest is concentrated between August and September. For cranberry it is necessary to use soil with an acid pH: it is good to analyze the soil and see if the right pH is present before starting to grow this type of blueberry. To increase the production of the berries it is good to increase the irrigation of the plants during the hot periods, as well as add humus or moorland under the plant. The cranberry plant does not need pruning, other than simply removing the dead branches.

The cultivation of bilberry.


The bilberry is present both in the European and in the American variant, in mountain areas between 500 and 2000 meters high. The blueberry harvest takes place between July and August. To grow bilberry well, it is recommended to prepare the housing by digging a hole measuring 70 x 70 centimeters and filling it with pure peat. In this way the ideal conditions of acidity of the soil will be created and the plant will be luxuriant. As with all blueberry species, it is also essential here that the soil is suitable, as blueberries adapt poorly to the variety of soils. The bilberry is rich in substances, in pro-vitamin A – the beta-carotene that is good for the eyes – vitamin B and vitamin C. It is not suitable for those suffering from kidney stones as it can cause them to form.

Blueberry cultivation: The cultivation of the giant blueberry.


The wild giant blueberry is typical of America and is unknown in Europe: here the cultivation is focusing on the domestic species of the American giant blueberry since it is very convenient being the species with the highest fruit yield. The harvest begins at the end of June and reaches until September. The cultivation of the giant blueberry has some common characteristics with the American blueberry, i.e. the soil pH below 7, abundant irrigation and autumnal inputs of humus, since they originate from the same continent and are among the least adaptable species to various environmental conditions. While for the American blueberry, pruning is not necessary, the giant blueberry needs only 6 or 7 productive stems and that the whole shrub receives air thanks to a regular thinning of the branches.

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