Bonsai ficus microcarpa

The evergreen species of bonsai Ficus microcarpa

Native to the Asian continent, the bonsai species called Ficus microcarpa belongs to the Moraceae family. These plants, very widespread and used for cultivation for ornamental purposes, do not require excessive attention and care, in order to grow luxuriantly. The trunk is massive, unique, imposing and gnarled, this characteristic gives an ancient appearance even to the youngest specimens. Ficus microcarpa bonsai grow slowly and easily withstand pruning. They have a vigorous and resistant root system while the crown develops in a regular and compact manner. The foliage is evergreen and the small, numerous leaves are lanceolate, slightly pointed at the tip, they are very shiny and dark green in color.

Ficus microcarpa bonsai cultivation techniques

Easy to grow, the Ficus microcarpa bonsai adapts to various climatic and environmental contexts. Indoor plants during the winter season, they fear temperatures below ten degrees and can be stored outside from March to September. These specimens prefer bright locations sheltered from currents. The ideal soil is well-drained, fresh and composed mostly of akadama mixed with a portion of universal potting soil. To maintain a correct degree of environmental humidity, it is advisable to spray the foliage both in winter and in summer. These bonsai do not require excessive irrigation during the year, withstand short periods of drought and are affected by water stagnation, deleterious for the root system.

Pruning and repotting of the bonsai Ficus microcarpa

Pruning operations are to be carried out in September or before the vegetative restart, in March. The cut branches help to maintain the desired shape of the bonsai, the younger double branches are eliminated while attention must be paid to cutting the oldest ones which heal with greater difficulty. At the end of the pruning it is advisable to dress the wounds with specific mastic. The root system of Ficus microcarpa bonsai develops vigorously, repotting is annual, especially for the younger specimens. In spring it is possible to carry out the operation bearing in mind to shorten the longest roots, by at least one third of their length. The most suitable tools and bonsai pots for pruning and repotting are readily available on the market.

Bonsai ficus microcarpa: Fertilization and adversity of the bonsai Ficus microcarpa

The Ficus microcarpa bonsai species requires periodic fertilizations that provide all the nutrients necessary for a luxuriant growth. Starting from the vegetative restart, in the month of March a complete organic fertilizer is administered, to be diluted in the irrigation water, every two weeks. With the arrival of the summer months of July and August, the fertilizer is suspended to resume its use in September. These specimens can suffer parasitic attacks, such as caterpillars and scale insects, to be fought with specific insecticides. If they are not grown in optimal conditions, it is possible for them to be affected by fungi. The most damaged parts are the leaves, on which dark colored spots appear or become covered with mold. A fungicidal treatment to be carried out periodically prevents the

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