Bonsai plants

The Ficus nerifolia: the most famous bonsai in the world

The ficus Bonsai is the indoor bonsai par excellence, belonging to the mulberry family (Moraceae). The existing ficus species are many, between 800 and 2000 and grow on all continents in tropical regions. Some specimens can become very large trees with a crown of circumference even more than 300 meters. Typical of this type of bonsai is the latex sap, which loses through cuts and the roots that twist in an evident way. The tropical ficus is evergreen, small bush or even climber. Some may produce pleasing flowers, which many ficus species hide in drafts in which the fruit grows. For this, only certain types of wasps can pollinate this type of hidden flowers! Fruits can be yellow, green, red, and large from a few millimeters to a precise number of centimeters, like the edible fig. As already mentioned, the variants of Ficus are many, but the most famous is the retusa version. As for the exposure of the Ficus, take advantage of the Spring to keep it in the sun, while in winter it must absolutely be kept indoors.

Bonsai plants: azal, the flowering bonsai par excellence

Of the bonsai of its genus, Azalea is certainly the most famous, in particular the hybrid between the karume and satsuki species, with evergreen leaves and which blooms during midsummer. The thing you need to watch out for for azalea is to give it the exact amount of water it needs. Use rainwater, and water it every day to maintain soil moisture. The bonsai will also benefit from the wet hold of the leaves themselves. Azalea should be kept outdoors but partially in the shade. In short, keep it in a place where it can receive the sun in the morning and the shade in the afternoon, so as not to heat it too much. Furthermore, azalea requires a specific fertilizer if you want perfect growth and flowering: something acidic, to be used every two weeks before flowering, so that the plant can receive the amount of sufficient energy. It is a bonsai that easily suffers the attack of insects, which it is advisable to remove with the hand to avoid damaging the bonsai.

Bonsai plants: juniper, a hardy conifer

This bonsai is one of the most popular in Europe and North America. Simple to care for and with an authentic oriental «physicality»: in Chinese and Japanese folklore the junipers are the symbols of longevity, which is in fact one of the characteristics of this plant! Junipers are full of vigor and resistant, a fascinating species that grows quickly and give the possibility to those who want to approach the art of Bonsai to be handled easily. It is therefore the bonsai that we recommend to buy for novices of this world. The best conditions for a juniper bonsai require regular water dosage and good soil conditions. When it grows in good conditions, the juniper increases dramatically in size, becoming thick and covered with vegetation. Conversely, if the nutritional conditions are poor, juniper will obviously die. Junipers require sunlight, they can be considered outdoor plants but also indoor plants: in fact they adapt well to shady areas, which are recommended in periods of too strong sunlight. This makes juniper a perfect bonsai to keep indoors, like on tables!

Chinese elm: from Asia a semi-evergreen

Originally from East Asia, the elm bonsai is one of the most famous, particularly for those who are buying their first bonsai. This lovable semi-evergreen can grow to remarkable heights in natural habitats, but has been grown as a Bonsai for generations and generations. It is excellent for those who want a slow-growing and tolerant plant, in fact it allows it to be taken care of calmly, a reason that has made it one of the most loved ever. Most indoor tropical bonsai prefer a temperature of 15 to 21 degrees, and in summer it can be placed outdoors. However, remember to keep your bonsai indoors when the temperature drops below 15 degrees centigrade. Chinese elm requires a lot of light. Let it be the direct one in the morning, which is best for low intensity. So choose a bright room. Remember that during the hot months, contact with too strong an afternoon light could burn the delicate leaves of the plant.

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