Boxwood plant

The plant: boxwood

Boxwood is an evergreen shrub native to some regions of continental Europe, Northern Europe and the Himalayan plateau. It is a very long-lived species that can also be used in series as a hedge; dwarf varieties are also very much appreciated at the ornamental level. Boxwood has courts of a rather dark color, especially in old age: from gray to brown brown; the foliage is leafy and consists of small leaves with a strong scent. The ability to prune even in a very strong way makes this shrub ideal for ornaments and decorations in city parks. The dark yellow flowers are very small and give off a strong aroma. The leaves tend to yellowish, especially with the approach of the winter season. This is true, however,

Characteristics of boxwood

Boxwood is very common in Italy: it adapts well to our climate, managing to withstand even very cold temperatures: this is also evident in consideration of its origins. It is a very “rustic” ornamental plant as it is also well suited to mountain regions, as long as it does not go down to excessively low temperatures (ie below 18-20 degrees). A peculiar characteristic is the great longevity, which guarantees all shrub with a life of over 500 years; some varieties, under ideal conditions, exceed 5 meters in height: the growth is very slow, which makes it ideal for hedges. hot. It does not present particular problems if it is planted in completely sunny or shady areas, but for lush and strong growth it is better to avoid these two conditions. The plant has no strict requirements regarding the soil.

Caring for boxwood

The plant, boxwood sempervirens or other varieties, does not require particular care and this is one of the reasons, among others already indicated, why it is ideal for use in public areas, very often less well-kept than private gardens. It is a hardy plant that does not need daily attention. Boxwood creates a dense network of roots. It rarely presents major problems at the time of planting, whether it is large specimens or small plants: in general, small subjects are sold bare-rooted. Planting must take place in autumn, so that the plant, whose growth is very slow as mentioned, has the necessary months to develop the roots.

Boxwood Plant: Plant Diseases

This plant, boxwood sempervirens or other varieties, can occasionally be affected by parasites or more or less serious diseases: for example, aphids and cochineal represent two big problems for this shrub. More often, however, to infest the leaves is a small insect known with the name of cecidomia: after having deposited its eggs on the leaves, especially on the younger ones, it waits for the larva to be born, which will feed on the leaf itself causing considerable damage not only from an aesthetic point of view. In recent years a parasite has spread in our country, unknown only until recently: it is the fearsome box borer, known as Cydalima perspectalis, introduced by chance from the Far East. The larvae of this insect feed not only on the leaves, but also of the bark and small branches. The consequences are shrub drying and yellowing of the leaves.

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