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Bud graft

The green thumb

The so-called “green thumb” is a hobby, a pastime, a passion that involves plant nature and many of its manifestations; this cute nickname has uncertain origins, but it has such a great appeal that it has conquered everyone on the world stage, even going so far as to become a real chic fashion, something that if you don’t “you are out” from the circle of well-regarded people. Leaving aside the attitudes of super spoiled stars, the passion for nature and plants is something that is inside each of us, because in our genes there are some genes of our grandparents and ancestors before them, who were born and grown up working the land and reaping its fruits, with which they built everything we see today. It is for this reason that seeing the birth and growth of a plant,

Grafting a plant


Going more specifically into gardening techniques, let’s talk today about the grafting operation; it is a treatment that we practice between one, two or more plants for various reasons, but which has the purpose of strengthening the flowering or proliferation of fruits and strengthening the whole plant. The techniques for grafting a plant are various and different from each other, but in general the operation involves taking a part of a plant (such as a branch) and joining it to a pre-existing and already large plant, so that they bind and become all ‘one. In elementary schools all the best teachers show how this operation is done, and the classic drawing shows us a branch cut at its base from the original plant, pointed precisely at this base and inserted into a slot made in the stem of another plant (almost always of the same species, but it may not be so) so that it grows there as if it were a branch of that same plant. After this, in order to heal the two wounds, the grafted branch must be fixed and held in its new place with firm ribbons and bindings, to be dissolved when you see that the branch comes to life and strength.

Bud graft

One of the grafting techniques is the so-called “bud”, which in truth is neither the simplest nor the most intuitive among the various techniques; however, it guarantees excellent results if well done, as well as being necessary for some plant species that do not adapt well to other grafting solutions. The bud, in terms referring to plants, is a branch, a leaf or a newly born flower; in this case it refers to a branch, and it is that small green protuberance that arises on the trunk of a plant and which in a short time will stretch and transform until it becomes a branch. Well, in the grafting technique that involves it, the bud is removed from the original trunk by removing it together with the first layer of trunk on which it is born; this small triangle of trunk with the bud on it is then inserted into a pocket made in the trunk of the plant that must accommodate the bud. This pocket is made with a T-cut, where the margins of the intersection of the T are opened and thus space is created for the gem and what accompanies it. Then we close everything tightly with tape and we wait to see the branch grow.

Other techniques and motifs

But why is a graft done? The main reason for adopting this technique is to make fruit plants make the best possible fruits. You must know dear readers that growing, for example, a peach tree from its seed is quite a simple operation; but this peach tree will not produce many peaches and not even of high quality, for long scientific reasons for this location. All this is remedied by grafting in this plant, which will still be healthy and strong, a branch taken from a peach tree that instead produces peaches of a good quality and in good quantity. But not only that, this technique is applied for the same reason to some flowering plants, or it is used as a cure for nearly dead plants to make them recover by saving at least some branches (classically from diseases). Obviously the classic and bud techniques just described are not the only ones practiced, but there are others that involve whole trunk pieces or other parts of plants that do not have stems or the like, after all, research and technique are also advanced in this. branch of vegetable cultivation. Lastly, examples of different (but similar) grafted species are not uncommon: a classic case is the mandarin orange, which is the fruit of a mandarin branch grafted onto an orange, or lemons and oranges on the same plant, this time without mix.

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