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Camphor tree

Main characteristics of the camphor tree

The camphor tree is native to Asia and as an adult it can reach an average height of between twenty and thirty-five meters. It has a sturdy erect stem surmounted by a naturally rounded-looking crown. The bark has a gray to brown color and is furrowed with deep cracks. The leaves have an oval shape and are slightly pointed. They are characterized by a light green shade but as soon as they are born from the buds they have a red color. At the beginning of spring it produces small white flowers collected in spikes and subsequently gives life to numerous red berries that turn black when ripe. A particularly aromatic oil is extracted from this plant which is used both in pharmacopoeia and in herbal medicine.

Exposure


The camphor tree should be planted in a sunny location. It can also thrive in semi-shaded areas but berry production may be poor. Adult trees are not afraid of low temperatures even if they persist for long periods. However, late frosts ruin the shoots, affecting the appearance of the foliage in a negative way. The camphor plant does not need to be subjected to drastic pruning or specific treatments. It can survive dry periods unscathed if it is an adult while if the shrub is still young, it is best to water it frequently during the least rainy periods of the year. Camphor reaches a considerable size and therefore can only be housed in large gardens or in wide open spaces.

Ideal soil and multiplication


Camphor trees prefer soft, well-fed, and well-drained soils. They thrive in acidic soils and stagnant water can trigger a rapid process of root rot. Before planting a camphor plant, fertilize the soil by mixing peat with mature organic fertilizer and increase its drainage coefficient by adding pumice or medium-sized sand. Multiplication is carried out by sowing. Adult plants produce a large amount of seeds that have a high germination rate. Near an adult tree there are always numerous seedlings that can be taken from the ground at the beginning of spring and placed where you prefer.

Camphor tree: Uses of camphor oil


An essential oil is extracted from the bark of this plant and is used in various sectors ranging from cosmetics to herbal medicine. If diluted with an equal amount of sweet almond oil, it can be used to massage bruised areas. It helps to dissolve muscle tension and there are many topical ointments on the market that have this natural product as a base. Camphor oil added to shea butter is an excellent balsamic ointment that helps breathing and expectoration of catarrhs ​​in case of serious colds or bronchial problems. A few drops of this precious oil dissolved in bath water help relieve rheumatic pains and effectively stimulate blood circulation.

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