Carmona bonsai

The carmona bonsai

Carmona retusa is a species of plant that belongs to the Boraginaceae family, often known as tea tree, it is often used to make excellent bonsai. The plant originates in southern China, but has also found widespread diffusion in Taiwan, Vietnam, Korea and Japan. Carmona is an evergreen plant that has very twisted branches, the bark with a gray-brown color, small leaves with a dark green color. The flowers, which bloom in spring, have a white color, with a panicle shape. Towards the end of the summer it is able to produce rounded flowers that change the color from green to purplish-red when ripe. There are two distinct varieties Carmona microphylla, with smaller foliage and Carmona macrophylla.

Carmona bonsai cultivation

The Carmona bonsai is simple to grow, but it is very delicate and needs special care. The plant, being native to tropical climates, fears low temperatures and prefers a climate that has characteristics similar to the areas of origin, which should be warm and humid. The plant fears direct sun exposure and should not be placed too close to heating systems. The ideal temperature should be between 15 and 24 degrees. Carmona needs abundant watering that keeps the soil moist, obviously avoiding stagnation of water. Since the plant prefers humidity, it would be advisable to periodically nebulize the leaves. The best way to water the plant is by immersion, placing the pot in a container and waiting for the soil to be wet.

Carmona bonsai care

Fertilization should be done in spring and summer, once a month, by adding liquid fertilizer to the water for watering. You should not overdo it with fertilizing, because an excess of fertilizer could cause yellowing of the leaves. To be able to change the shape of the bonsai, it should be repotted every two years to improve the growth of the roots. The ideal soil for growing carmona should contain a good amount of peat and sand. Pruning to avoid stress to the plant should be done in early spring, although non-invasive interventions can be carried out throughout the year. However, after pruning it is always necessary to dress the wounds to avoid the onset of diseases.

Carmona bonsai: Parasites of the carmona bonsai

The carmona bonsai is a delicate plant and for this reason it needs attention to prevent the attack by parasites that are harmful to its health. The main causes of infestation of the carmona bonsai can be parasitic insects such as aphids, cochineal and spider mites. To be able to properly treat the plant it would be advisable to provide it in time, once the first symptoms have arisen, in order to prevent the infestation from proliferating and irreparably ruining it. Since the leaves are delicate, it would be necessary to manually remove the insects, the encrustations of the organic residues of the insects, before proceeding to administer chemical products. To be able to prevent

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