What is vegetable carbon

Vegetable charcoal, also called activated carbon, in agriculture and gardening is called agricultural charcoal, or biochair in English. It is an important totally natural product consisting of a powder with a high organic carbon content. To produce charcoal, a flameless combustion is used which will transform the wood material, wood or fruit stones, sawdust, shells. With this combustion technique the material used reaches temperatures ranging from 600 to 1200 ° C, in an oxygen-poor environment so as not to burn and give rise to this type of coal with many virtues. The coal after this particular combustion is subjected to other treatments, to increase its porosity and consequently its absorption surface.

Vegetable charcoal for gardening

Vegetable charcoal has innumerable properties that allow it to be used in many areas, such as in gardening. One of the main properties of coal is the ability to absorb toxins in its surface both in the human body and in the environment, it is also a disinfectant. Vegetable charcoal makes the soils more fertile, so as to increase and improve plant growth. Useful for both plants and flowers as well as for vegetables and fruit, being 100% natural it will also be fine as a fertilizer for edible crops. Vegetable charcoal can be used both for cultivation in open ground, in pots and even in greenhouses. Numerous studies have also shown that the addition of charcoal to the soil significantly decreases the microbial populations of the soil layer in contact with the roots of plants.

How activated carbon is used

Vegetable or agricultural charcoal in this case is very simple to use to improve crops. First of all, being a natural product, it has no contraindications, even if you administer too much to the soil you will not cause harm. Powdered coal can be mixed with the soil, or simply spread over the surface layer of the soil at the foot of the crops. Having no smell, it is also excellent for use at home or on balconies and terraces. On the market there are also agricultural charcoal fertilizers in the form of capsules, grains or tablets, these will either be added to the watering water or thrown into the soil, and slowly release the active ingredients. The quantity and frequency of administration depends on the type of plant, but generally even monthly will be sufficient.

The other uses

Vegetable charcoal is used in different fields and always increasing due to its great properties. Used for food purposes, for the dough of pizzas, bread, focaccia and brioche which are thus more digestible and do not swell the stomach. Also in the food sector used in the coffee decaffeination process, distillation and purification of some alcoholic beverages. Vegetable charcoal is also used and highly appreciated in agriculture as a natural fertilizer, in the pharmaceutical field to combat swelling and meteorism for example, and in the medical field as a disinfectant. Vegetable carbon is widely used in environmental applications: reclamation of aquifers, filtering of drinking water, for air purification plants, VOC treatments (i.e. volatile organic compounds). Not only, charcoal is also used as an insulator for sound absorption, in the disposal of mercury, in the storage of fuel, in the disposal of waste water. Also used in the metallurgical field for the purification of gold and the finishing of many metals.

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