Cherry wood


The cherry tree, much appreciated as a fruit, ornamental and timber tree, has a high quality wood. Its color fluctuates between the shades of golden and reddish and, sometimes, if exposed to the light for a long time, it can take on a brown-red color. This wood is of medium-high hardness, medium heavy and has a great resistance to compression, torsion and traction; but, despite this, it has a modest stability since small pieces tend to deform in particular environmental situations. Cherry, having excellent compactness and a very low level of porosity, hardly absorbs moisture and is even difficult to split. At the same time it has a fine grain, with a regular and straight grain, which thus gives it a excellent workability with any tool. Therefore, its rather homogeneous structure makes it particularly suitable for creating smooth surfaces, such as flooring or furniture. A big flaw of this type of wood, unfortunately, is its ease of being affected by woodworms and fungi and therefore a lot of caution and frequent pesticide treatments are required.

Types of cherry

Cherry is a type of low-stemmed tree belonging to the Rosaceae family. It is native to Europe and North America, where it is widely diffused, and also to Asia Minor, where however it is less present, if not in some mountainous areas with a cold climate. From the agricultural and fruit point of view there are many varieties of this plant, known precisely for its fruits; but from a commercial point of view , cherry woodit is distinguished in two varieties: European cherry and American cherry. The European cherry has a greater heaviness and also has a poor availability, characteristics that make it valuable and consequently very expensive. It has a reddish vein in its texture which, as previously mentioned, tends to be accentuated in contact with the air, giving the wood a greater touch of elegance and a very pleasing appearance. The American cherry, on the other hand, has a much darker color. Compared to the European one it is lighter and very resistant to shocks. It enjoys greater availability and a lower cost that makes it preferable to the other for flooring.

Uses of wood

As is known, the main use of wood is as a fuel; the cherry tree ensures a good amount of heat and a low production of smoke. But for many centuries now, this material has been used above all for interior carpentry, that is, for the construction of furniture, such as beds or kitchens and for furnishing accessories, such as tables, shelves or bottle holders. Enjoying a great aesthetic value, this wood is used a lot in antiques and in the nineteenth century it was the wood par excellence of the Biedermeier style. Given its high cost, there are not many pieces of furniture built entirely in cherry; on the contrary, it is widely used for finishing and details, such as the feet for tables. The economic variant of cherry, that is the American one, on the other hand, is often used for flooring the walls and ceilings; its color, very characteristic, gives elegance and warmth to the house. Some minor uses of the cherry tree concern the construction of toys, pipes, barrels for the conservation of wine and above all musical instruments such as violins and pianos.

Cherry wood: Maintenance and care

As far as its care is concerned, cherry is considered an extremely precious wood and, in some respects, also quite delicate; in fact it is scarcely used for the outdoors, since, as already mentioned, it needs antiparasitic and antifungal treatments to maintain its beauty and health. As for the interiors, on the other hand, the care of the cherry tree involves cleaning with a specific and above all non-aggressive detergent, so as not to affect the beauty of the wood. It is therefore necessary to dust it daily with a soft cloth and, from time to time, it is recommended to clean the surface with a microfibre cloth soaked in warm water to which Marseille soap and bicarbonate have been added. Or alternatively you can use water and a few drops of ammonia, wet and wring the cloth and clean following the direction of the wood grain. From time to time, for further maintenance, it is possible to pass a coat of neutral wax specific for the furniture, so as to make the natural shine of the cherry tree shine.

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