Climbing passionflower

Main characteristics of the climbing passionflower

The climbing passionflower is native to Latin America and includes a large variety of shrubs. Their particular name is due to the fact that the flowers have elements attributable to the passion of Christ. These plants have been imported to the European continent for a few centuries and, thanks to the favorable climate and the absence of natural enemies, some varieties behave like weeds. Despite the elegant appearance of the flowers, they are rustic and vigorous plants. They adapt well to any type of terrain and do not fear low temperatures. The leaves change shape depending on the variety and can be oval or elongated. In common, however, they have a dark green color and fall to the ground only if the temperatures remain below zero degrees centigrade for a long time.

Passion flower flowers

The flowers are the most characteristic part of the passion flower plant. They have an unusual flat shape and their dimensions vary from a few centimeters in diameter up to a maximum of fifteen centimeters. The petals can be white, yellow or slightly pink even if in recent years new varieties have been created with different shades of color. The flowers are axillary and hermaphrodite, almost always single. Only in some varieties do they appear in pairs or grouped in racemes. They have three differently shaped bracts that feature nectar glands. The elongated calyx ends with five sepals and a crown of filaments that give the inflorescence an unusual appearance.The stigmas are carried by three styles that can be perfumed or have an odor that is anything but pleasant.

Cultivation method

The climbing passionflowerit produces sturdy tendrils that allow it to cling to any support without the need for artificial supports or ligatures. It prefers very sunny areas although it can grow in semi-shaded places. however in the second case the flowers produced will not be numerous and their color will be decidedly less pronounced. These plants grow in all types of soil. If the soil you have available is dry, periodically enrich it with mature manure or with slow release organic fertilizer granules. If you are going to grow passion flower in pots, water it as soon as the surface of the soil is dry. Prune the passionflower from time to time to contain its growth and to shape it according to your aesthetic needs.

Climbing Passionflower: Medicinal properties

The properties of the fruits of passion flower have been known for centuries and even today they are exploited both in the official pharmacopoeia and in herbal medicine. The green parts are rich in flavonoids but also in indole alkaloids. They are harvested in the period from June to September and are dried in a well-ventilated area. Passionflower infusions have a relaxing effect on the entire nervous system. The syrup obtained from the fruits has sedative and antispasmodic properties. It can cure insomnia as well as tachycardia. They help to have a daytime activity without dulling.During the First World War, extracts of passionflower were used to treat the syndrome known as war anxiety. The consumption of passionflower extracts must be done under medical supervision.

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