Cuttings geraniums

The geranium plant

Pelargonium, commonly known as geranium, belongs to the Geraniacee family. Its name derives from the Greek and means crane, in homage to the shape of the fruit that recalls the beak of this bird. Originally from South Africa, geranium has developed good adaptability to unfavorable climatic conditions. It is a plant with a woody stem, capable of developing roots even one meter deep and thick and resistant leaves, covered with a light down that is functional to limit transpiration. There are numerous varieties of geranium. The zonal pergolanium is the most common on balconies in summer. Its flowers, with a diameter of 1- 2 cm, are grouped in large umbels that stand out from the broad and rounded leaves. Pelargonium hederaefolium is used in suspension, so as to enhance the stems that can reach up to one meter in height. Its bright green leaves resemble those of ivy. Pelargonium grandiflorum owes its name to the large flowers, even 5 cm wide. It is an indoor hybrid that can only be moved outside during the summer and sheltered from the elements.

The properties of geranium

An essential oil with numerous properties is obtained from geranium. It is in fact healing and antibacterial, proving to be a perfect remedy against small wounds from shaving or epilation. Its use is also recommended in case of acneic skin and eczema. Used orally it is useful to stop the bleeding of the gums and to regress the canker sores. Another healing property that it boasts is that of rebalancing the skin, both dry and oily. In addition to its tonic action, this oil is an excellent adjuvant in the treatment of wrinkles. It can be used for massages to stimulate the lymphatic system and circulation. In fact, it helps to prevent stagnation that cause cellulite and to relieve heavy legs. Its scent has a relaxing effect, which can be used to relieve muscle tension caused by stress. The essential oil of geranium is also valued in aromatherapy. A few drops used in diffusion help to fight anxiety and stress and to give our home environment a pleasant natural fragrance.

How to grow geraniums

Geranium is not resistant to frost so it is good to keep it inside in case of cold temperatures. If you decide to keep it outside or to plant it in the garden, you need to choose a place that is cool and airy, in anticipation of the hot months, but above all well protected from the risk of frost. In general, it is preferable to wait until the end of April before planting the geranium, being careful to keep a distance of 30 cm between each plant. The geranium does not need any pruning. However, it is recommended to remove the flowers as they wither and do the same with the leaves that have turned yellow. It should be noted that the yellowing of the foliage could be caused by an excess of water so it is good to be careful. It is true, in fact, that geranium needs a lot of water, especially during the summer if exposed to the sun, but don’t overdo it. To avoid stagnation that could damage the plant, just follow a few small precautions. Geranium should be watered regularly so that the soil remains moist. If too much water has been given, it is enough to wait until the earth is dry again.

Cuttings geraniums: The cuttings of geraniums

Like other plants, geraniums can also be multiplied through cuttings. This technique allows, starting from simple tricks, to reproduce in an economic way the geraniums that you already own. The best time to proceed is in the spring when the vegetation is in full growth, or in the summer when the geranium is in bloom. You have to cut a branch, choosing the most beautiful and free of flowers. The cut should be made below a knot and about 10 cm from the end. Obviously, if you choose to take more cuttings, the chances of success increase. The leaves must be removed from the severed branch, keeping only those at the top. The cutting should be planted in a pot filled with earth mixed with sand. If you plant more cuttings, it is good to keep a distance of 15-20 cm. Outside, the pot should be placed in a shaded area. In the case of cuttings obtained in spring, it is recommended to keep them inside until the seasonal temperature reaches 20 degrees. Care must be taken to water regularly without overdoing it. Starting from spring it is possible to transfer the obtained seedling to the earth.

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