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Cymbidium

Irrigation of the cymbidium

The cymbidium has a type of watering that varies according to the seasons. During the summer it needs frequent watering, since its substrate must never dry out completely. Therefore, the higher the temperatures – the ideal for this orchid is 15/18 ° – the more frequent the watering of the plant will be. Although the cymbidium does not need an excessively humid environment, the constant rate of humidity will always be around 50%, however, the leaves will need to be vaporized. In fact, the cymbidium is an epiphytic orchid, that is, it has aerial roots, and in nature it grows on the bark of trees. For this reason it is used to a constant level of humidity, which – if it is in the apartment – must be artificially recreated through constant vaporization. D ‘ winter this orchid changes its needs because it enters the phase of vegetative rest. From autumn we will begin to decrease the doses of water, up to winter. In fact, during the winter period, the cymbidium will be subjected to a stop of watering and will be grown in a bright environment. It is very important that this resting phase of the cymbidium is respected to allow it to grow properly.

Cultivation of Cymbidium


Cymbidium is one of the simplest orchid species – perfect for beginners. It does not require great and detailed care, it is resistant, and is able to withstand even periods of drought. For optimal cultivation, the ideal is to maintain a draining substrate, but one that is also able to retain moisture. It is also important to keep in mind the few and essential rules of watering: abundant in summer, scarce in winter. The cymbidium must be placed in a place that is not excessively hot, and if you have more specimens, they must be kept at a good distance between one and the other to facilitate their growth. The exposure of the cymbidium must be sunny to favor its flowering. It is an orchid that tolerates the wind well, so there is no

Fertilization of Cymbidium


The fertilization of the cymbidium must be abundant and regular. During the vegetative recovery phase, the administration of fertilizers must prefer greater quantities of nitrogen. On the other hand, towards the end of winter it is necessary to introduce liquid products with a high potassium content in the cultivation of the orchid to favor its flowering, and the quantity of nitrogen will be reduced. Depending on the substrate of your plant, the quantities of fertilizers used will vary: ranging from a percentage of fertilizers of 0.5% (if used frequently) to a progressive reduction in the case of a non-inert substrate. Therefore first check the type of substrate you have chosen for your orchid and adjust according to it. Fertilization should be done when your substrate is still wet, to avoid a excessive concentration of mineral salts. After about four or five fertilizations, fertilizer-free watering will be done to decrease the saline concentration of the substrate.

The diseases


Cymbidiums are a magnificent specimen of orchid with easy and immediate management, and as such they are not subject to even major diseases. Mealybugs can attach themselves to leaves and stems, slowing growth and making orchids sticky and sooty. But a few fungicides are enough to wipe them out. It is good to avoid sudden changes in temperature, humidity or lighting, because they could cause the buds and flowers to lose. In the event that multiple leaves of the cymbidium turn black, the roots should be checked to see if it is a root rot problem. Use a cupric fungicide to treat the plant. Attention must also be paid to exposure: cymbidiums must be kept in sunny places but without the sun damaging the plant by burning its leaves. In the event that during flowering, lice infested the buds, it will be enough to spray an insecticide. Never overdo it with pesticides and chemicals! The cymbidium, if properly cared for by observing its watering and resting needs, will not give any problems.

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