Do it yourself watering tips

Do-it-yourself irrigation: the type of plant

An automatic irrigation system is practical and efficient but also expensive, while with a do-it-yourself irrigation system we can make an economical and equally effective one. For the vegetable garden and the garden above ground irrigation is the simplest to carry out: the water flows in fixed or mobile pipes resting on the ground and distributed by jet. Underground irrigation is a fixed system that irrigates directly underground or with concealed jets. Drip irrigation uses perforated or transpiring pipes with small jets for targeted irrigation and with significant water savings. To create a good do-it-yourself system, good design and zoning are important to simplify its management, as well as knowing the flow rate and pressure of the water from the mains or well to which we are connected. We can check the flow rate with a graduated bucket and a timer, calculating the bucket filling time in liters / hour. To know the pressure you need a pressure gauge, which we can buy in hardware: screwed to the tap open to the maximum, it will indicate the pressure measured in BAR.

Do-it-yourself irrigation: the design

We prepare the project of the do-it-yourself irrigation system by drawing the area to be irrigated to scale, marking the type of cultivation and any obstacles on the diagram, bearing in mind that for an above-ground or underground system, no more than 5 sprinklers should be installed per line, marking with a compass the range of action of the sprinklers, adjustable from 0 ° to 360 ° to avoid overlapping areas or areas not reached by the jets. Drip irrigation allows you to water each plant avoiding dangerous stagnation of water. In the design of the irrigation system, the points where to insert the drippers next to each plant will be marked in the diagram, there are different types on the market and we can ask the garden center to recommend the most suitable one for us. The control unit to be connected to the the system will be set by customizing the frequency and quantity of water supplied. For the vegetable garden and flower beds in the garden in summer, 20-30 minutes of watering per day are sufficient with a pressure of 30-40l / h-1BAR, for the lawn it takes about 30 minutes at 78l / h-1BAR while the plants in jar require 10 minutes a day with 2l / h-1 BAR.

Do-it-yourself irrigation: the garden on the balcony

If you do not have a corner of the garden available, you can create a vegetable garden on the balcony and design do-it-yourself irrigation systems for our potted vegetables. To irrigate the garden on the terrace, avoiding flooding the floors below, it will be necessary to have capacious saucers and place the plants taking into account their needs to calculate the frequency of watering, depending on the greater or lesser exposure to the sun. One of the simplest solutions is to use micro-irrigation pipes, connecting them to the aqueduct and regulated by a timer: they do not need a very high pressure and can also be connected to a rainwater collection tank. Alternatively we can use porous pipes that evenly distribute the water,

Do it yourself irrigation tips: Do it yourself irrigation: drip systems with recycled plastic

Among the do-it-yourself irrigation systems to be made with recycled material, reusing PEC bottles is a very simple, economical and accessible to everyone solution. For this DIY irrigation system you need the empty plastic bottles, some stakes as braces to support the bottles and a roll of string. Proceed by arranging the stakes next to the seedlings, taking care not to damage the roots. The caps of the bottles must be pierced in the center, then passing a piece of string that will be knotted inside the cap, while a fairly large hole will be made on the bottom of the bottle. We screw the cap back on and insert the bottle upside down in the ground, next to the plant, tying it to the support. By filling the bottle from the hole in the bottom, which is now at the top, the water through the string that comes out of the cap will drip slowly, seeping into the soil just enough to keep it constantly moist. In this way we will save on water consumption and it will be sufficient to fill the bottles regularly to keep our potted plants healthy with little effort.

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