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Elm tree

Watering the elm tree

Elm watering is one of the most important parts of plant care. The number of times a tree needs to be watered depends on different reasons, such as its species, the time of year it is located, the size of the tree, the soil it is planted in, and the climate. One of the fundamental things when having an elm is to learn to observe it, and thus understand when it needs to be watered. For example, if the soil is dry it is better to wet the plant; to understand it, just feel with your fingers to check the state of the ground. It is advisable not to wet the plants following patterns, but to observe before acting. The soil mixture used is also fundamental; usually a soil formed by akadama and fine gravel is used, but if you use a mixture that retains more water, using more soil, it will be possible to wet the elm less. It is also advisable not to water the elm during the afternoon, after the soil has been heated by the sun, as it would cool down too quickly with the water.

Caring for the elm


Taking care of an elm is not easy, as its characteristics are particular. The elm is a plant that has a gray bark, with a smooth enough surface for younger trees; the older elms have a dark brown color and the bark shows noticeable cracks. Elms therefore have a very large structure, but are elegant, in fact they are used as ornaments, both isolated and accompanied by other trees, with the main purpose of treeing avenues in large gardens and green spaces. The foliage of the elm is wide and elegant and can reach a width of about 10 meters. If you decide to buy an elm, it is advisable to keep it in a mild place, it would be ideal and appropriate to keep it indoors. inside an environment with a temperature between 15 and 20 degrees. However, it also resists very well to cold climates and winds.

Fertilization of the elm


Fertilizing the elm is another key moment. It is necessary to fertilize on a regular basis, especially during the development and growth season, as only in this way will the right nutrients be brought directly to the soil. It is best to fertilize the plant during the whole season, ie from early spring until autumn. The main elements of fertilizers are three elements: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and each has different purposes. Nitrogen develops the growth of leaves and stems, phosphorus contributes to healthy and good root growth and potassium helps the growth of fruits and flowers. During the spring season it is better to use a fertilizer rich in nitrogen, in the summer it is advisable to use more balanced fertilizers, and for the

Elm tree: Diseases of the elm


Elm diseases are different. It often happens that the elm is attacked by a dangerous fungus, which causes the loss of its leaves and the consequent death of the branches of the plant. The fungus is called “Ophiostoma ulmi” and causes the “graphiosis” of the elm, which affects the plant inside, even if it is not visible externally; to be precise, the fungus affects the lymphatic vessels of the plant, blocking the transmission of the phloem in the plant and also of water. This lack will then be noticed on the leaves, which will deteriorate and turn yellow, until they dry out and then die with the whole plant. The fungus is attacked by a beetle, the bark beetle, which lives inside the bark of the elm, in which it digs tunnels. To prevent this disease, it is more important to aim at prevention, to limit its spread. The treatment of the sick plants consists in the elimination of the infected parts, through the removal of the zones attacked by the fungus. The diseased parts must be burned, while the tools used for pruning must be disinfected.

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