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Erica plant

When and how to water the plant

The Erica plant belongs to a bushy-shrubby or suffruticose genus, which is part of the Ericaceae family, of which it represents a good half. These are xerophilous plants spread almost everywhere, from beaches to the mountain area: some species are cultivated for ornamental purposes. The Erica plant is divided into numerous species all having mostly woody stems, small leaves and small flowers, in white, pink or deep lilac colors. They are gathered in raceme, panicle and spike inflorescences. As for water supplies, the Erica plant must be abundantly and frequently watered to keep the soil completely moist. If the specimens are grown indoors, the soil should never be allowed to dry out. Distilled water must be used, rainwater or water obtained from defrosting the refrigerator. Tap water, on the other hand, is not suitable because it often contains limestone or other impurities to which Erica is very sensitive.

Some cultivation rules


The few species grown indoors come from rather cold areas and therefore require cool temperatures. However, it remains difficult to grow the Erica plant satisfactorily even for a short time. In fact, most flower growers prefer to treat them as annuals. Usually, you buy a Erica plant when it begins to bloom, try to extend its life by keeping it cool and discard it when it has lost all appeal. These plants are very branched and form shrubs with a woody stem which, if placed in pots, do not grow beyond 60 cm. They have many needle-like leaves, arranged in whorls on the stems on the branches. Among the most popular varieties is Erica gracilis, with stems thickly covered with pale green needle-like leaves. The flowers appear in deep pink, pink or white racemes.

The soil and fertilization


The ideal temperature for heather is around 8-10 ° C; if it is difficult to keep this temperature constant over time, it is advisable to place the specimens of Erica plant in the coolest place possible for the short period in which they will remain indoors. To increase the degree of humidity, it is possible to place the pots on layers of damp gravel and spray the leaves and branches daily. In this way water stagnation is avoided and optimal environmental conditions are maintained. There is no need to fertilize these plants, especially if you decide to grow them as an annual species. Erics are usually sold in a special mixture without limestone as the ideal soil for these plants is at an acid pH: therefore, we do not recommend

Erica plant: Diseases and pests


Erica plants must be placed in bright light, but not in the sun, as the leaves would dry out and fall off. Generally, the Erica plant does not survive because incorrect cultivation techniques are adopted, which cause mold and rot to spread. For example, the appearance of water stagnation causes the root system to rot and suffocates it. On the other hand, if the specimen is placed in an excessively sunny position during the summer, it causes the plant to dry out and die. It can also happen that the heather dies after a few days and this is often linked to the fact that they have been grown in greenhouses, so that they forcibly bloom at the beginning of the autumn season. If the environmental conditions are particularly dry, the risk of the Erica plant being attacked by parasites, such as scale insects and mites, is higher. Infestations by these insects quickly cause visible damage to the foliage. Lack of ventilation and high humidity are ideal conditions for the appearance of botrytis.

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