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Ficus ginseng

Irrigate ficus ginseng

Ficus ginseng, or more precisely Ficus macrocarpa or Ficus retusa, in nature looks like a tree of considerable size, reaching even 25 meters. It grows in rainforests and, like any other plant, has a water requirement that is unique to its species and the conditions in which it lives. Not satisfying it means causing it to suffer or die from drought or, on the contrary, from too much humidity, which causes the rotting of the roots. The latter is particularly dangerous because it is usually irreversible. Correct watering must therefore allow ficus ginsengto keep the roots underground in a rather humid soil but not soaked with water, and above all it is necessary to avoid that the water stagnates in the saucer, checking it often. Likewise, excessive dryness of the soil should be avoided, which is highlighted by touching it and observing the leaves of the ficus, which appear slightly withered and less shiny. In summer it may be necessary to wet it every other day or if it is kept outdoors even every day, while in winter it is necessary to reduce irrigation, limiting itself to not allowing the soil to dry out.

Cultivation


Excessive precautions are not required for the cultivation of this plant, as the ficus is robust and not too demanding. But some rules are important. The first concerns the soil, which must be rich in mineral salts but well drained. The ideal is to use a compound consisting of 50-70% of superior quality universal soil and 30-50% of clayey substrate, in order to regulate the humidity of the soil. The repottings, to be carried out in spring, must preferably be annual in the young plants and triennial in the adult ones. Pruning is also essential to preserve the beauty of its compact foliage intact. But be careful to avoid drastic cuts, which the plant would not hold: it is necessary to limit yourself to shortening the small twigs that grow in a disordered way.

Fertilization


The best products for fertilizing ficus ginsengthey are those specific for green plants, preferably organic, to be used (with different dosages) throughout the year. Do not forget to use them, because potted plants do not have the abundance of nutrients present in the earth, where they are continually renewed. In addition, it must be considered that it has a rather high requirement of mineral salts. You can choose both liquid and slow release products, with a balanced nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium ratio, so for example 5: 5: 5 or 10:10:10. Obviously, depending on the product, the frequency of fertilizations will change: biweekly with the first and every 40-50 days with the second, thinning out a little more in late autumn-winter, especially if the plant is grown in very rich soil. .

Ficus ginseng: Diseases of ficus ginseng and ideal exposure


A suitable exposure, for ficus ginseng, must be strictly protected from strong air currents, otherwise the leaves will fall, and very bright but not in direct sun. His stay in the house is possible and even recommended in winter, as he fears low temperatures very much, but sparing him an excessive dryness of the air. Therefore it must be kept away from radiators, and possibly sprayed with non-calcareous water. The most common enemies of ficus ginseng are: cochineal, including the cottony one, smoky bug and spider mite. Their infestations are common when living outdoors, while they are rare if the plant is in an apartment, unless you have other diseased plants. Mealybugs are phytophagous insects that live at the expense of the sap of attacked plants, which wither and die. They are identified by the presence of waxy shields or, if it is cottony, white wads. The leaves are sticky and fumaggine, a fungus that blackens the leaves, can develop. Spider mites are phytophagous mites. To eliminate them you can use a broad spectrum insecticide, also excellent for scale insects, or liquid paraffin. For the fumaggine you need an antifungal.

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