Ficus ginseng

Ficus ginseng

Ficus ginseng is one of the many species of plants belonging to the genus Ficus. The botanical name of this species is Ficus retusa or microcarpa, but it has been replaced with the term “ginseng” due to the similarity of the roots with those of the well-known Asian plant used in herbal medicine. Ficus Ginseng is not used as a herbal product, but as an ornamental house plant, due to its small size that makes it similar to a bonsai tree. Due to this characteristic, Ficus ginseng is fully included among the plants cultivated by bonsai enthusiasts who place it in special greenhouses where it makes its splendid appearance together with other similar ones.


Ficus ginseng is an evergreen shrub native to Asia and the rainforests. Despite belonging to the Ficus Microcarpa family, Ficus ginseng stands out for its very small size, while the Microcarpa are giant trees that can even exceed twenty-five meters in height. This species does not reach one and a half meters in height and has oval leaves of dark green, intense and brilliant color, aerial and gnarled roots and a light colored stem similar to that of very old trees. The particular shape of the stem and roots creates the formation of a dwarf crown that expands horizontally and which makes Ficus ginseng one of the most aesthetically appreciated, loved and cultivated bonsai trees. Due to its characteristics,


Ficus ginseng is suitable for growing in humid and temperate areas. This depends on the fact that this plant grows in countries with tropical or subtropical climates, where it often rains for very long periods. Humidity and high temperatures are therefore ideal for Ficus ginseng, even if indoors conditions of high temperature and low humidity are often created. Ficus ginseng also cannot stand water stagnation and it is always advisable to avoid soaking the soil. These can be stemmed using fertile and well-drained substrates. A little expanded clay should be added to the pot which avoids water stagnation at the bottom of the container, maintaining the taste and humidity at the base of the plant. Ficus ginseng grows practically all year round and any precautions related to its positioning must be made on the basis of external temperatures. In spring and summer the plant can be moved outdoors, it can remain there even in winter, as long as the temperatures never drop below ten degrees and no ice forms on the soil. In this case it will be advisable to move the plant in the apartment, checking the humidity and temperature conditions created by the use of air conditioners, stoves and radiators.


The ideal soil for the cultivation of Ficus ginseng must be fertile and well drained, but able to guarantee a good degree of humidity to the plant. The ideal substrate for the pot where the plant will be placed must be rich in humus. To prepare it, universal soil mixed with sand and mature manure can be used.

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