Ficus plant

Ficus benjamin plant

Ficus benjamin is a perennial and evergreen plant that comes from the Far East and Oceania: it is part of the moraceae and has the bearing of a tree, which can reach up to 30 meters in height in its regions of origin. It has thin and soft stems, a green-gray trunk, while the leaves are smooth, oval in shape and bright dark green, even up to 15 centimeters long. The ficus also has large roots, which have the function of distributing the weight of the mighty foliage well in the soil. Today this plant is widespread in countries such as India, China, the Philippines and Australia; here it is mostly cultivated in pots, as a houseplant, where however it can reach up to two meters in height. In Italy only in the south, where the climate is milder, the ficus can be grown in the ground,

Cultivation ficus benjamin plant

Ficus benjamin is a tropical plant, therefore it prefers hot and humid climates: it does not tolerate the cold very much and would not resist temperatures below ten degrees for long; loves bright positions but without being exposed directly to the sun’s rays; in summer, in any case, it is preferable to put it in the shade, especially when the temperatures are very high. The roots of this plant tend to expand, so it is necessary to repot it sometimes even once a year, in spring, when you realize that the roots have now reached their limit. The ideal soil of the ficus is soft, slightly acidic and above all well drained, because water stagnation could seriously threaten the health of the plant. From the beginning of spring to autumn every two weeks the ficus benjamin must be fertilized, using liquid fertilizer to be mixed with irrigation water. In summer, watering must be at least twice a week, while in winter it can be more sporadic. Remember to also vaporize the leaves, which have the ability to let water through if the plant needs it.

Plant ficus benjamin care and multiplication

In spring it is necessary to prune the ficus benjamin because the foliage must be contained and it must also be given an orderly shape, especially if we use this plant as an ornament for our apartment. In winter, on the other hand, a topping can be carried out, i.e. only the tops of the branches are removed to give the plant a more compact shape and trend. If when repotting you do not want to change the container by taking a larger one, you can keep the same and instead prune the overgrown roots. The multiplication of the ficus can take place by leaf cutting or by stem cutting, as well as by layering, removing a part of the bark. The cuttings must be made in spring, cutting parts of the plant about ten centimeters long which, before being buried, must be deprived of the basal leaves.

Plant ficus benjamin variety

Ficus benjamin exists in many varieties, in addition to the common green one, which is the easiest to find in any nursery: the starlight variety, for example, has leaves streaked with white and pointed; the exotica variety, on the other hand, has bright leaves with prominent dark veins. The type with the name golden king, also very widespread, has green leaves but edged with white and with gray streaks, a very particular and decorative color. Unlike all the others that have ovals, the ficus benjamin nude has long, narrow and wavy leaves. Finally, another very popular species is the ficus benjamin mini gold, a plant identical in size to other plants, but with small, green and white streaked leaves, which make this variety one of the rarest and most elegant.

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