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Ficus religious

Ficus Religiosa

Ficus Religiosa is a plant native to China and India which, in its natural environment, can also reach large sizes. In Europe, however, the plant can hardly reach thirty meters in height and three in diameter, which it sometimes reaches in its natural environment, even if it is a particularly resistant variety of ficus that can also grow outdoors in Europe. Ficus Religiosa is a plant with heart-shaped deciduous leaves, with a large stem and a very branched development. The flowers of this ficus give rise to small fruits of about one cm in diameter, which take on a purple color during the ripening period. The tree has an important cultural value: according to tradition, it is precisely under one of these plants that the Buddha received enlightenment. Even today, the monks meditate under the

Cultivation


Being a plant of tropical origins, Ficus Religiosa needs humid environments and many hours of exposure to sunlight. The sun’s rays, however, must not hit the leaves of the plant directly, to prevent them from burning. In summer, the ficus requires frequent watering, which may decrease during the winter, when the plant enters its period of vegetative rest. The soil, however, must always be moist while taking care to avoid water stagnation, which is detrimental to the roots of the plant. In spring, with the restart of the vegetative cycle, it is possible to enrich the soil with fertilizer, which will favor the development of the plant and its growth, offering it all the nutrients necessary for its well-being and health.

Ficus religious bonsai


The Ficus Religiosa can also be grown as a bonsai: despite the imposing dimensions reached by this plant if grown in the traditional way, with the bonsai technique it is possible to create a ficus with reduced dimensions, to be grown even in the apartment. The ficus bonsai must be cultivated according to the needs of the plant listed above, in order to develop in health, but in this case an element becomes even more important: pruning, which allows the correct growth of the foliage. It is accompanied by the pinching of the new shoots, which grow abundantly throughout the year for the ficus and would risk making the plant shapeless. The ficus religious bonsaiit will also benefit from defoliation: the plant, once deprived of all its leaves, will make a new cast with smaller leaves, to adapt to the general dimensions allowed by cultivation according to the bonsai technique. In this way, the ficus bonsai will grow more proportionate and better also to the eye.

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