The plant’s need for water

The fig plant has various morphological characteristics that give it a high resistance to high summer temperatures, as well as to lack of water. Nevertheless, this plant responds positively to water supplies, in particular if carried out during flowering or at the beginning of the formation of sycones. At the end of the flowering itself it is advisable to avoid excessively wetting the fig to avoid a low sugar concentration of the “fruits” and therefore their reduced shelf life and greater susceptibility to fungal diseases. It is also possible to intervene with only abundant rescue watering in the driest moments of the year, when the plant shows the first signs of withering (lowering of the leaves).

Essential care

The fig is a very rustic plant and therefore resists well even in many different conditions. It adapts well to many types of soils, although it prefers deep and loose ones. To guarantee a good production quality it is necessary to place the plant in a condition of maximum sunshine. For this reason, if a fig orchard is to be created, it is good to avoid mutual shading of the plants. Furthermore, it is important in the winter season to thin out the innermost branches which often determine a humid and favorable microclimate for any pathogenic organisms such as fungi. The seasonal limitation of the number of branches also allows to balance the production and consequently reduce the typical phenomenon of loading and unloading of the fruit.

The ideal fertilization of the soil

As regards the fertilization of the fig tree, this is represented in the first place by an abundant bottom manure before planting in order to also improve the structure of the soil and bring it to a sufficiently complete general condition from the nutritional point of view. During the production period, in soils with little clay, it is advisable to compensate for the periodic removal of nutrients by means of a trivalent fertilization of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, taking into account the quantities of fruit harvested and any removal of the leaves at the end of the season. In clayey soils, the potassium component is almost guaranteed for the entire duration of the orchard by the natural endowment of the soil. Therefore, in these cases, it is not necessary to integrate the element artificially.

Fig: Adversity and parasites

The rusticity of the fig is not only manifested in its high adaptability, but also in its resistance to parasites. These are mainly represented by scale insects, which can infest the branches, by some moths that alter the quality of the fruits, as well as by gray mold, which can find favorable conditions in the most shady and humid points of the crown. To fight the mealybugs it is sufficient to brush the portions of bark affected by the insect, which is also dangerous because it can transmit microscopic pathologies (viruses and bacteria). In the case of heavy infestations of moths, it is possible to resort to the use of mosquito nets to be applied on the foliage or to spraying insecticides if the number of fig plants is very high so as not to allow the aforementioned biological technique.

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