Fruit plant treatments

Treatments in fruit plants

Fruit plant treatments are necessary to have a healthy and productive orchard, even in the case of a small home orchard. They must be carried out to prevent the onset of diseases or the attack of parasites. After the leaves have fallen, the base of the plants will be carefully cleaned, it is important to remove dry leaves and twigs left on the ground, many parasites, especially the spores of fungi, can remain dormant on these material, any weeds will also be removed. Generally a home orchard does not need any particular pruning, it will be sufficient to cut the damaged branches, those twisted or showing signs of disease, the cuts will be covered with healing paste, which you can easily find in specialized shops.

Winter treatments in fruit plants

In the winter we can carry out a first preventive treatment, spraying the plants with a fungicide and an insecticide. As a fungicide we can use Bordeaux mixture, a mixture of copper sulphate and hydrated lime dissolved in water, if we want we can prepare it ourselves, but it is much more practical to use the ready-made mixture. White oil can be used as an insecticide, a purified mineral oil which, when diluted in water, is sprayed on the plant, it is active against the cochineal, the eggs of the red spider and the larvae of the insects that take refuge among the shoots and in the bark. We can also use sodium silicate which acts with a dehydrating action on parasite cells. These preparations are also allowed in organic farming, they can be purchased in specialized stores. Read carefully the instructions for use and the recommended dilutions before using them.

Spring treatments in fruit plants

During flowering it is essential to suspend any type of treatment, fruit plants use insects such as bees for pollination, a treatment during this period could cause serious damage to these useful insects. When the flowers are completely wilted, and until the fruit has reached the size of a walnut, in case of infestations, we can proceed with further spraying. If spring is very humid, with mild temperatures and cool nights, after the rain the plants should be sprayed with sulfur-based products, to prevent leaf blisters, a fungal disease that mainly affects peach trees but also attacks other fruit trees. like apricot, plum and cherry. The leaves affected by

Fruit plant treatments: Sprayer pumps

To carry out these treatments it is necessary to use a spray pump, which guarantees uniform distribution of the product. On the market we can find various types and capacities, from the smallest ones suitable for the small domestic garden, to the professional ones for large orchards. For an orchard, consisting of four or five plants, we can choose a pump with a tank of a couple of liters. The tank is pressurized by a manual pump, the product is sprayed by pressing a trigger. For larger orchards we can switch to a device with a capacity of 5 – 10 liters, this model can be carried on the shoulder or placed on the ground, leaving the hands free for the maneuver of the lance. The tank is pressurized by a manual pump.

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