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Fruit trees

Irrigation of fruit trees

Fruit trees are usually available in dwarf, semi-dwarf and normal form. The former have small dimensions, about 2/3 meters high and their life is slightly shorter. The semi-dwarf plants are medium in size, 3 to 5 meters tall. Standard trees can reach up to 9 meters and live long. The irrigation of fruit trees depends primarily on their size. Generally, in the first two years after plant transplantation, water is essential; on the contrary, the various fertilizers can also be avoided at the beginning. Irrigation also depends a lot on the soil: if it is sandy, it is necessary to water more often; if the temperatures are not too high, it can also be irrigated at intervals of about three days. It is advisable to dig a basin around it and fill it almost every day, especially in the summer season. If it rains frequently, it is better to avoid watering. It is also best to avoid any waterlogging to prevent fungal diseases. If you want to fertilize it is good to use nitrogen fertilizers that allow a better growth of the plant.

Caring for fruit trees


Caring for fruit trees is not that simple. These are indispensable and necessary procedures to make our domestic plants grow in the best possible way; the main purpose is to prevent the tree from taking diseases of various kinds that could lead to the ruin of the crop or in the worst case of the whole plant. One of the first operations to be carried out at the end of the winter season is to clean up the ground that welcomes the tree from the various foliage present and accumulated. In fact, it often happens that various parasites, especially those that cause fungi, find their suitable habitat in the damp leaves, and therefore the damaged branches must be removed from the ground. Then the exported material has to be burned or brought to a sufficient distance from the tree. Any wounds must be treated with a solution of iron sulphate and water and then must be covered with a paste with a healing function. To better take care of the fruit plant, some anti-parasite treatments must also be implemented; the first can be done immediately after the leaves fall, the second is done during the spring season.

Fertilization


Fertilizing fruit trees is a fundamental operation to avoid possible nutritional deficiencies and to keep the soil fertile and productive. The fertilization of these trees must be done first at the beginning of the spring season and then at the beginning of the winter period. Or you can study three fertilizations, one in spring between February / March, one in summer between May / June and finally one in autumn between October / November. The fertilization that takes place in autumn has a greater importance than the others because the soil has a great need to get back the nourishment it had to use during the fruiting period. Fertilizers must contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, so that the plant can nourish itself correctly and can have all the elements it needs.

Fruit trees: Diseases and remedies


Fruit tree diseases and possible remedies are numerous. Fruit plants can be affected by various parasites, such as cochineal: it is a bacterium that feeds on the sap of the plant, and therefore leads to a weakening of the tree. To prevent the spread of the parasite, do not fertilize with too much nitrogen. For parasitic infections already present in the plant, specific pesticides can be used, which must not cause damage to the tree itself. Diseases caused by fungi are much more dangerous than parasites, as if they are not stopped they can dry out the entire plant in no time. The leaves and flowers will be the first to be attacked. The solutions to combat the fungus are the use of special products, which may not always prove effective.

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