Garden irrigation system

How to make a garden irrigation system: plant the stakes and trace the ‘path’

The first operation to be carried out if ever you decide to create an irrigation system for the garden, is to plant a stake where you intend to place the individual sprinklers, which globally and simultaneously will provide the right amount of water to the garden and to the plants and trees that are placed in it. With a cord you will then have to mark the path along which the individual plants will be placed and then carry out the excavation operation, in order to fix them in the ground in the safest possible way. About twenty-twenty-five centimeters deep will be enough to make sure that you have dug enough to firmly connect the individual ‘pieces’ of the plant you are going to build.

Step 2: Dig and stake

Now you will have to unroll the polyethylene pipe along the path you have previously traced according to the methods illustrated in the previous paragraph. The sprinklers, purchased individually for a number that you decide to install according to a previously studied project, will all be installed on a very practical bracket fitting; this will allow the user to arrive at the point previously fixed by the stake, since there is an element that can easily be moved from one area to another of the identified perimeter. Once the pipe has been pierced, the threaded extension on which the single sprinkler will be applied will be inserted into the fitting, which must be carefully placed on the same level of the ground; this will be made possible by the presence of the threaded extension,

The last operations in the garden: the pump and the valves

After completing this operation as well, it is necessary to check that all the sprinklers have been properly placed and, if deemed necessary, bring them to the same level of the ground. In order to clean the groove previously made from the presence of any processing residues, it will be advisable to have a pump with which abundant water will flow for a few seconds. At the same time, a valve must not be missing at the pump in order to be prevented in the event of winter frosts and a little gravel at the valve, which will allow the system to be better fixed underground. The operation to be carried out in the garden will end with the covering of the furrow with grass and soil.

Garden irrigation system: Sprinkler models

To create the irrigation system for the garden, all you have to do now is connect it to the solenoid valves and program its operation using special electronic programmers. Each sprinkler will have its own area for which to supply water but it must still be specified that each model is able to irrigate a more or less large area depending on the power it is equipped with. The most practical is undoubtedly the sprinkler with adjustable jet from zero to 360 degrees, to solve the most varied irrigation geometries; another model (however less common) is the fixed head sprinkler (at ninety degrees) capable of watering uniformly only a portion of the garden; for greater precision (to irrigate flower beds, for example), the presence of a model with adjustable jet from 0 to 180 degrees will be required; for larger lawns, the user will finally opt for the sprinkler with long-throw turbine.

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