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Geranium

When, how much and how to water geranium

Geraniums are considered relatively drought tolerant plants but that doesn’t mean they should never be watered. Indeed, in the cultivation of geranium it is essential that irrigation is deep and abundant. For potted plants just make sure that the water reaches the saucer (so make sure that there are holes in the lower part of the pot). Between one watering and the other, however, the soil must be allowed to dry out because geranium does not like soft soils. When it is not raining, the plants must be watered regularly and, for those that grow in pots, during the hot season the soil must be checked daily. To understand when it is time to wet the geranium, you can stick a toothpick or a wooden stick just under the surface layer of the soil: when it comes out dry or just humid it means that the plant starts to need water. Instead, avoid wetting the aerial part as this could encourage the onset of parasitosis.

How to take care of geraniums


The geraniums want to be planted in the spring, after the last frost. Depending on the type, they can bloom in the middle of summer or at the end of the season or even in autumn and even in winter. To thrive they need loose soils and if grown in open field the seedlings must be spaced 15 to 60 cm apart, depending on the variety chosen. Some types of geranium in fact grow like a bush and can reach heights and circumferences of semi-woody. Both during the passage in the open field and the repotting operations it is necessary to pay attention to bury the roots well. Adding mulch to the soil will help keep it moist especially in hot weather. The dead flowers and the ruined parts of the plant, as the leaves and stems must be removed so that the plant can grow healthy and without exposing surfaces that can be attacked by fungi. In late spring it is advisable to divide the overgrown plants and take the cuttings for new seedlings.

How and when to fertilize geranium


Geraniums need to be well fed to grow well. Even for them the best fertilizer is made up of compost mixed with soil of leaves and peat. Thus enriched, any well-drained soil constitutes the ideal bed for geranium growth. The ideal pH is 6.5, which is slightly acidic. Every spring a layer of compost should be added around the foot of the plants, but during the first growth the geranium needs macroelements that must be administered every two weeks or, at least, once a month. A balanced fertilizer with a 10-10-10 title, soluble in water, can be used which, especially when plants grow in pots, it is very important to start administering regularly as soon as they come out of the vegetative phase. The cuttings emit their first roots in two to three weeks,

Geranium: The best exposure, diseases and small remedies


Most geraniums grow well in full sun and require at least six hours a day of direct light. However in very hot regions, where temperatures can exceed 30 ° C, it is good to keep these plants in partially shaded places. Many geraniums live well in the shade but in this case flowering will be negatively affected. During the winter, on the other hand, geraniums can be kept indoors even in dark places. Geraniums are very sensitive to fungal infections from moisture and excess waterlogging. It is therefore essential to drain the soil and, moreover, to remove all dead, dry or yellowed parts. The geranium is also particularly afraid of frost and the water on the leaves and flowers is never a welcome element. This is why it is advisable to water in the early hours of the day,

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