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Garden plants

The plants and the garden are an almost indivisible duo, capable of generating in many people a strong sense of happiness just to imagine it. In fact, the search for a place that guarantees a bit of serenity has become, according to statistics and research studies, the first reason why today people buy a garden, equip their home with a garden or move to have a garden. near home. It seems an absurd answer, but in reality the rhythms with which we lead our lives today are so high that stress constantly grips us and to the point that even after work we are unable to relax, and this often also causes internal tensions in the family. or in any case in the house where we live and in relationships with others. Finding relaxation in a place like the garden is simple, because we are immersed in a nature configured to our tastes and dedicated exclusively to us, and because this nature is composed of plants, one of the natural elements best able to have a positive effect on our life. The plant is silent and practically immobile, but it gives oxygen, fresh air, shade from the sun and protection from humidity, it smells: it puts us at ease.

The hyacinth


The hyacinth is a widespread flowering plant that finds the greatest application to decorate gardens and flower beds, especially in small colored groups or to surround larger plants or even to mark paths in the garden itself. Its great diffusion is due to the beautiful flowers with which it is equipped, which grow on an extension of the main stem which is called raceme and which stands out at the top of the plant (everything rarely reaches a total height of thirty centimeters). These flowers are endowed with a delicate and intense perfume, which tastes «fresh» (and in fact we will see the applications it has in many fields) and which joins the lively color which is usually purplish but can reach pink, red, green and deep blue. The hyacinth is native to the areas of the so-called Asia Minor, that is where Turkey is currently found, and to some tropical areas of northern Africa; it is a bulbous plant, i.e. it does not appear as a stem with roots but as a completely buried bulb (often covered with fluff) from whose upper part one or more stems come out and from whose lower part some small roots sprout, which rarely exceed the size of the bulb itself.

Cultivation

The cultivation of hyacinth is closely linked to its bulb, which is the fundamental part; even commercially there are no seeds, because they do not exist, but the so-called “bulbils”, that is the small branches of the main bulb that detach from it and are planted. The soil on which the hyacinth must stand must be a bit particular, because it needs a very draining substrate (classically pebbles or chopped shards) on which a layer of soil that is half generic (therefore classic soil) and half composed from sand and manure, where the latter must be in the majority. Not only that, when planting the bulbils, you have to be careful that they are totally covered by the earth but that they do not sink, so as not to stay too humid and to prevent it from being excessively difficult for newborn kegs to come out. Hyacinth watering should be distributed equally in the following way: every three days in the cold season (winter, in our latitudes), every two in spring and autumn, once or even twice a day during the hot season (summer). It is important to remember that the bulbils, purchased or taken from the hyacinth, should be planted in autumn to see the first flowers between March and May of the following year.

Hyacinth: Species and uses

The hyacinth genus (or “Hyacinthus” in scientific terms, a name deriving from Greek mythology) has a small number of species, only three; probably, being a plant also often spontaneous, there will be others around the world but not knowing every variant is common in the vegetable field. These species are essentially distinguished for two reasons: one is the «hair» of which the bulb is covered, which may be missing or may have a color between white and violet, while the other is the color of the inflorescences, which has enormous variants. This last feature is one of the most popular for creating beautiful colorful lawns, also because the hyacinth has a lasting flowering and gives great satisfaction. Well, other applications of this beautiful flowering plant are those that aim to exploit its unmistakable scent. Maybe so far few have noticed it, but hyacinth is a very common fragrance both in cosmetics and in home hygiene products; from an industrial point of view it is easy to exploit the scent of hyacinth, also because its natural diffusion (therefore very fragrant) is really vast. It has adversities especially at the level of insects (aphids above all), but fungi also often attack the bulbs and slowly impoverish them. also because its natural diffusion (therefore very fragrant) is really vast. It has adversities especially at the level of insects (aphids above all), but fungi also often attack the bulbs and slowly impoverish them. also because its natural diffusion (therefore very fragrant) is really vast. It has adversities especially at the level of insects (aphids above all), but fungi also often attack the bulbs and slowly impoverish them.

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