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Graft fruit trees

Graft fruit trees

Grafting is a practice that is used for the agamic (therefore asexual) reproduction of a plant, by merging two different individuals. The first acts as a rootstock and corresponds to the basal part, while the second is formed by the aerial part that is grafted. The grafts of fruit trees are carried out by welding a portion of another plant, called scion, which could be a part of a branch or a bud, on the graft holder. Usually the grafting technique is used for woody plants, although in some cases it could also be used for herbaceous plants. The cuts of the grafts, for the technique to be correct, should be identical on both the graft holder and the scion so that the fusion is perfect. The period of the grafts usually coincides with the spring or with the

Graft fruit trees


Fruit tree grafts are a technique that could be used to multiply a plant managing to keep its main characteristics unchanged, as opposed to seed reproduction which would produce plants with characteristics common to the progenitors. Grafting is therefore used by taking the best characteristics of a plant, the one with the best fruits should be taken into consideration, the one with greater resistance to parasites or climatic conditions. This technique is able to reproduce a plant indefinitely by grafting its parts on other trees and bringing an improvement of the characteristics to the host plant. Plants are able to heal wounds, especially during the growing season,


There are several types of fruit tree grafts, which change depending on the operations that should be carried out. The types of grafting are: bud, crown, split and triangle. The bud graft is divided into dormant and vegetative. Usually this type of grafting is practiced during the period in which the vegetative phase slows down. The plant should be cleared of leaves and any unnecessary branches. Then you should cut the branches, insert the gem inside and then tie the cut part with raffia or specific patches. Crown grafting takes place by cutting a portion of the graft holder and inserting the scion into the slot. Usually this type of grafting is done in April. In the split graft, a wedge cut is made in the graft holder and the scion is inserted, cut with the same shape, inside. The triangle grafting is carried out during the rest period and is carried out by cutting both the rootstock and the scion with this shape.


The grafts should be carried out at different times of the year depending on the species, in order to exploit the properties of the plant and avoid problems arising. Therefore, to carry out the work correctly, a calendar of grafts should be followedof fruit trees. In February we should proceed with the grafting of the almond, apple and pear trees. In March of citrus, apricot, chestnut, cherry, persimmon, apple, pear and vines. In April of citrus, persimmon, cherry, fig, almond, pomegranate, apple, walnut, olive, pear and peach trees. In May of the fig, almond, walnut and olive trees. In June, apricot, persimmon, chestnut, almond, walnut and peach trees. In August of citrus, apricot, persimmon, chestnut, almond, apple, walnut, pear, peach and vine.

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